By K. E. Fleming
Ali Pasha of Ioannina (?1750-1822), the Ottoman-appointed governor of the northern mainland of Greece, was once a towering determine in Ottoman, Greek, and eu historical past. in keeping with an array of literatures, work, and musical ratings, this is often the 1st English-language serious biography approximately him in contemporary a long time. ok. E. Fleming indicates that the British and French diplomatic event of Ali used to be at odds with the "orientalist" literatures that he encouraged. Dubbed by way of Byron the "Muslim Bonaparte," Ali loved a place of diplomatic energy within the jap Adriatic; in his try and secede from the Ottoman country, he cleverly took benefit of the diplomatic kin of england, Russia, France, and Venice. As he reached the height of his powers, even if, ecu money owed of him portrayed him in ever extra "orientalist" terms--as irrational, despotic, merciless, and undependable.
Fleming specializes in the strain among those stories of Ali--the diplomatic and the cultural. She additionally areas the historical past of recent Greece within the context of ecu historical past, in addition to that of Ottoman decline, and demonstrates the ways that modern ecu visions of Greece, relatively these generated by means of Romanticist philhellenism, contributed to a special kind of "orientalism" within the south Balkans. Greece, a territory by no means officially colonized by means of Western Europe, was once topic in its place to a surrogate type of colonial control--one during which the country's heritage and tradition, instead of its genuine land, was once annexed, invaded, and colonized.
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Extra resources for The Muslim Bonaparte: Diplomacy and Orientalism in Ali Pasha’s Greece
4 European biographers, obsessed with Ali's vast personal wealth and reputedly great miserliness, have tended 3 Hobhouse 1813, 1:60. The full text of Hadji Seret's verse biography of Ali is in the National Library of Greece, Athens. Portions of it also appear in Tourkokratoumene Ellas, 1453-1821 (Greece held by Turkey, 1435-1821) (Sathas 1889). Sathas's work is in general a good source for primary material of the period, but the lack of notes and bibliography qualifies its usefulness. Leake makes use of Hadji Seret's 4500-line stoihoi politikoi (political verses) for his biographical note on Ali in his four-volume Travels in Northern Greece (Leake 1835).
H. L. Pouqueville, appointed French consul to Ali's court after the 1805 victory of Napoleon at Austerlitz, was the primary go-between in Ali's negotia tions with the French. His assignation to Ioannina marks the establishment of Ali as a power in his own right, complete with his own set of independent diplomatic relations. When in 1807 under the Tilsit agreement control of the Ionian Islands reverted to the French, Ali was once again thwarted in his attempt to gain control of the Ionian mainland dependency of Parga.
40 C H A P T E R 3 landscape. This dramatic influence of Ali on the economy of his territo ries and its surroundings is most clearly evidenced in six spheres: banditry, public works, trade and industry, taxation, agriculture, and landholding. Banditry, Klephts, and Armatoloi Ali's first foothold in the climb to power was the practice of banditry. 10 He also, at an early phase in his career, gathered to gether his own army of Albanians, whom he was able to pay only by plun der. 12 In eighteenth-century Albania and mainland Greece social rank and po litical power were regarded as the rightful reward for renegade activity.