By John Markoff
Essentially the most vital result of the French Revolution used to be the destruction of the outdated feudal order, which for hundreds of years had stored the typical humans of the nation-state topic to the lords. during this ebook, John Markoff addresses the ways that insurrectionary peasants and progressive legislators joined in bringing "the time 0f the lords" to an finish and the way, in that finishing, scigncurial rights got here to he vital to the very feel of the Revolution. He lines the interplay of peasants and legislators, displaying how they faced, challenged, and implicitly negotiated with each other throughout the direction 0f events.Contrary to many historians who see the resource of progressive swap in elite tradition, Markoff argues that peasant rebellion used to be a vital portion of the transformation of France. Of specific value to the learn is Markoff's research of the original cahiers de do/dances, the lists of grievances drawn up in 1789) by way of rural groups, city notables, and nobles alike, those files are necessary for figuring out the Revolution, yet till the pioneering paintings of Markoff and Gilbert Shapiro, that they had no longer been studied systematically on the nationwide point. as well as an unparalleled quantitative research of the cabin's, Matkoff staces the ehh and stream of peasant rebel throughout part a decade of progressive turbulence. He additionally deals qualitative research via his use of the documents of the legislative debates in addition to the memoirs and journals of the legislators.The Abolition of Feudalism breaks new floor in chatting styles of complaint and rebel in a single of an important social and political upheavals in historical past.
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Additional resources for The Abolition of Feudalism: Peasants, Lords and Legislators in the French Revolution
9 It was not, Tocqueville contends, that what he calls the yoke of medieval institutions was still strong. Rather, the centurieslong growth of the central state bureaucracy had to such an extent eroded the public powers and responsibilities of the lords, that their prerogatives were now so many unjustifiable privileges, and therefore vulnerable. 10 In this book, I shall address the ways in which insurrectionary peasants and revolutionary legislators joined in bringing the time of the lords to an end and how, in that ending, the seigneurial rights came to be so central to the very sense of revolution as a sudden and radical break.
But what was this "feudal" regime and why was it central to their vision of France's past and future? I shall show in this book how revolutionary legislators and revolutionary peasants confronted one another, posed problems for one another, and implicitly negotiated with one another. To explore the desires of both peasants and elites toward the beginning of the crisis as well as the ensuing interplay of rural insurrection and legislative actions, I explore several sorts of evidence. First of all, the expression of the views of rural communities, nobles, and urban notables as the Old Regime broke down: here I draw upon a series of studies of the grievance lists of 1789 that I have been engaged in with Gilbert Shapiro.
Although that legislative history is broadly familiar, 16 to examine it anew with an eye on the waves of peasant insurrection, on the shifts of timing, targets, and tactics of rebellious country people, suggests new insights into the legislative half of that dialogue. The focus on the national pattern of rural insurrection as one side of a dialogue--itself set against a background of a national survey of positions-inevitably commits one to statistical argument. It will be important to ask ____________________ 16 Henri Doniol, La Révolution française et la Jéodalité ( Paris: Guillaumin, 1876); Emile Chénon, Les démembrements de la propriété fonciére en France avant et après la Révolution ( Paris: Recueil Sirey, 1923); Philippe Sagnac, Lea législation civile de la Révolution française (( Paris: Hachette, 1898); Alphonse Aulard, La Révolution française et le régime féodal ( Paris: Alcan, 1919); Marcel Garaud , La Révolution et la propriété fonciére ( Paris: Recueil Sirey, 1958); Peter M.