By Kapil Raj (auth.)
Relocating smooth technological know-how demanding situations the assumption that glossy technological know-how was once created uniquely within the West and was once therefore subtle in other places. via an in depth research of key moments within the background of technological know-how, it demonstrates the the most important roles of movement and intercultural come across for his or her emergence.
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Extra resources for Relocating Modern Science: Circulation and the Construction of Knowledge in South Asia and Europe, 1650–1900
21 It was almost immediately translated into Latin (1567) by Charles de l’Escluse (Carolus Clusius), perhaps the most eminent botanist of the sixteenth century and founder of the Leiden botanical garden. Almost immediately upon establishing themselves in the Indian Ocean, the Dutch Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (VOC) had set up in Batavia (present-day Jakarta) a surgeon’s shop in the 1610s, followed by a proto-botanical garden to grow medicinal plants brought from various parts of South East Asia.
Throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, a growing number of graduates from Scottish and North European universities in search of employment were absorbed into the ever-expanding overseas services of trading groups to occupy senior technical positions. There, as diplomats and military men, many of them reinforced the nexus between large-scale international trade and science. 35 But trading companies were also major employers of less-well-educated young men seeking to make a quick fortune and pick up new skills which they might put to profit upon their return to the metropolis.
Judging from the plant names in the Jardin de Lorixa, some, like china malli (small jasmine), are clearly in Tamil. 38 The process was, however, more complex. By his own admission, L’Empereur did not know Oriya: he got everything translated into Hindustani, the main language of intercourse between Europeans and South Asians in the region. It was this that he himself d’Orta and Nicolás Monardes (London: The Hispanic & Luso-Brazilian Councils, 1963). 33 MNHN, Ms. 1915: ‘Avis au lecteur’, ff. IVv–Vr.