By Charles H. Townes (auth.), F. Baldini, A.N. Chester, J. Homola, S. Martellucci (eds.)
Chemical sensing utilizing optics is below large learn worldwide and lots of optical chemical sensors are discovering expanding software in undefined, environmental tracking, medication, biomedicine and chemical research. this can be evidenced via an annual progress within the variety of overseas clinical meetings within which advances within the box of optical chemical sensors are said. those meetings, are, even if, interested by disseminating the most recent medical effects instead of offering in-depth schooling within the box of optical chemical sensors. furthermore, the subject of optical chemical sensors is barely simply starting to locate its method into the curricula of universities and faculties in Europe and within the US. end result of the prominence that optical sensors are assuming, it has turn into a growing number of very important to set up a framework for dialogue and interchange, as well as conventional meetings, to assist learn and schooling during this vital box. in the summertime of 2004, the NATO A. S. I. at the topic “Optical Chemical Sensors” used to be organised in Erice, Sicily. This NATO A. S. I. used to be th the forty process the foreign college of Quantum Electronics, less than the auspices of the “Ettore Majorana starting place and heart for clinical tradition” and was once directed through Dr. J. Homola of the Institute of Radio Engineering and digital (IREE) of the Academy of Sciences in Prague and by means of Dr. F. Baldini of the “Nello Carrara Institute of utilized Physics” (IFAC-CNR).
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Third, we must be open to viewpoints, ideas and experiments which do not fit accepted scientific thinking and trends. Perhaps, we even need to encourage challenges to standard paradigms. In particular, I think that we’ve got to be very careful about overusing committees, which we frequently do. We appoint a committee of important scientists to decide whether certain kinds of science should be pursued, or certain kinds of experiments should be supported. We have these committees, generally composed of senior scientists, and they’re very knowledgeable, excellent people, but maybe somewhat fixed in their ideas.
At RCA, another important electrical company, a friend of mine started it there, and he worked on it for a while, and the company said, no, that’s of no value to us, we won’t pay you anything for it, you must stop. Microwave spectroscopy also started at Westinghouse, again, an industrial company. It was done by a friend of mine, and he did some nice microwave spectroscopy, but the company said no, shut it down, we can’t pay for that. Bell Telephone Laboratories asked me to stop, because they said, look, there are some engineering things that we’d like you to do that would be much more important to us.
Martellucci. I. series (2006) Chapter 1 BIRTH OF THE MASER AND LASER Charles H. Townes University of California Physics Department Berkeley, CA 94720-7300 USA 1. THE LECTURE Thank you. I’m enormously pleased to be here. I know that this School in Erice was formed some time ago, but this is my first opportunity to be here. Erice is a wonderful city. In addition, I think very highly of the Ettore Majorana Foundation, the Schools, and the Courses here. You will see from my talk about the laser how important I feel it is for scientists to interact, to bring people together, to talk with each other, to exchange ideas, and also for different fields to interact, so that one can pick up some idea from another field, and so on.