By Debmalya Barh
Merging topical info from lately released overview and learn articles, in addition to the data and perception of specialists, Omics functions in Crop Science delves into plant technological know-how, and diverse applied sciences that use omics in agriculture. This e-book concentrates on crop breeding and environmental functions, and examines the functions of assorted omics applied sciences together with genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics to big agronomic, horticultural, medicinal, plantation, fiber, forage, and bioenergy vegetation.
It covers the applying of omics applied sciences in numerous vital plants, together with cereal, and pulse. It explores the brassica species, drought tolerance in rice, and genetic engineering of the potato. The ebook discusses temperate culmination; and omics of medicinal vegetation, the metabolomics of Catharanthus roseus and the way the medicinally vital alkaloids of the plant are produced, in addition to the omics of one other very important medicinal plant, Withania somnifera. It examines floriculture, the omics advances in tea, and omics thoughts in bettering the fiber characteristics of cotton. It offers omics-related info on wooded area timber and forage plants, and gives a close account on how omics applied sciences are appropriate in molecular farming, besides linked matters similar to advertisement features of molecular farming, scientific trials of plant-produced prescription drugs, regulatory concerns and highbrow estate rights.
Written as a source for plant biologists, plant breeders, agriculture scientists, researchers and faculty scholars learning a number of fields in agriculture, and the agri industries, OMICS purposes in Crop Science compiles the newest examine during this crucial box of contemporary crop and plant technology using a number of omics applied sciences and their functions in a few vital crops/plants from agronomy, pomology, olericulture, floriculture, medicinal crops, plantation and effort vegetation, agro-forestry, and extra.
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Extra info for OMICS Applications in Crop Science
2005), high tillering draf1 (htd1) (Zou et al. 2006), DWARF10 (D10) identified from d10 mutant (Arite et al. 2007), DWARF27 from d27 mutant (Lin et al. 2009), and DWARF88 from d88 mutant (Gao et al. 2009). These genes were found to be the key regulators of tillering in rice and can be manipulated for further improvement of rice yield. 3 Plant Architecture Several genes have been identified to control the architecture of rice plants, which is an important agronomic trait that affects grain yield.
4 Rice Functional Genomics: From Sequence to Gene Function The term functional genomics describes the development and application of global or genome-wide experimental approaches to assess the functions of genes by using the information and reagents provided by structural genomics (Hieter and Boguski 1997). 3). Recent advances in rice functional genomics analytical tools and their applications have been discussed in Jung et al. 2. The current rice functional genomics tools suffer from major limitations such as functional redundancy within rice gene families, lack of homozygous progenies for analysis, difficulty managing the most-used rice cultivars in artificial growing conditions, restricted access to genomics resources, and limitations in comparing gene-expression 10 OMICS Applications in Crop Science Rice breeding materials, genetic stocks, segregating populations, cultivars, varieties, F2s, RILs, etc.
DNA inserts that create loss-of-function mutants include Transfer-DNA (T-DNA) of Agrobacterium tumifaciens, heterologous transposons (Ds and dSpm) and the Tos17 retrotransposons (Jung et al. 2008). On the contrary, the DNA inserts that lead to gain-of-function phenotype contain a strong enhancer element near one end that boosts the gene expression. This activation tagging approach can address the problem of gene redundancy associated with traditional screens for loss-of-function mutations. The FL-cDNA overexpression (FOX) genehunting system is another gain-of-function approach developed recently.