Home Public Health • Download Nursing in Europe: A Resource for Better Health (WHO by J. Salvage, S. Heijnen PDF

Download Nursing in Europe: A Resource for Better Health (WHO by J. Salvage, S. Heijnen PDF

By J. Salvage, S. Heijnen

Nursing in Europe is a finished file at the position and services of nurses and midwives in the future health structures of ecu nations, together with nations of crucial and japanese Europe (CCEE) and the newly autonomous states (NIS) of the previous Soviet Union. The record attracts on findings from an exceptional WHO research carried out according to the paucity of trustworthy facts on nursing practices in Europe. The learn, which amassed facts based on a customary layout and ready uniform profiles for forty five international locations, aimed to rfile the features, prestige, and dealing stipulations of nurses whereas additionally answering primary questions bearing on why the nursing career is still undervalued and underdeveloped. except delivering the 1st finished description of nursing in Europe, the document establishes an effective starting place for choosing difficulties and starting up reforms that could support nurses detect their nice power contribution to basic future health care. The record has 8 chapters provided in 3 components. the 1st and so much large half summarizes key findings in regards to the position of nursing in nationwide fit coverage, the level to which nurses get pleasure from a management position in ministries of health and wellbeing, regulatory frameworks that govern nursing perform, the function and features of nurses, and the really good roles of midwifery, group nursing, and psychological future health nursing. additionally lined are kingdom info indicating the level to which the quantity and skills of nurses fit nationwide wishes, stipulations of labor, together with pay, operating hours, and depart entitlements, schooling and coaching, and learn aimed toward demonstrating the worth and cost-effectiveness of particular nursing practices. every one subject is roofed in keeping with a typical layout, which discusses the relevance to nursing improvement, describes the location in CCEE, NIS, and Western Europe, and concerns options for switch. all through, key findings are provided in several tables and graphs, which facilitate nation comparisons. by contrast heritage, chapters partly describe particular innovations for motion. those contain projects that may be taken by means of nurses themselves, using nationwide motion plans for nursing and midwifery, the construction of a first-rate nurse place in govt ministries, and a number of other projects of the WHO nearby place of work for Europe geared toward optimizing the contribution of nurses to basic wellbeing and fitness care and wellbeing and fitness for all. Chapters within the ultimate half describe leading edge tasks designed to illustrate the impression of nurses on well-being results and hence increase their position as a source for larger wellbeing and fitness.

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Extra resources for Nursing in Europe: A Resource for Better Health (WHO Regional Publications European Series)

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Raising their voice through self-confident reprofessionalisation may help reclaim professional discretion on behalf of those clients who need their support. Notes 1 2 3 We are grateful for Giel Hutschemaekers comments on the first draft of this paper. Although we realise that most social services employees are semi-professionals, according to the Freidson (2001) and Hutschemaekers (2001) standards for professionalism, for the sake of simplicity, we will categorise them as professionals and pay attention to the vertical hierarchy of professionalism at the end of this article.

In both approaches, the main concern is with care that is evidence-based as much as possible. However, in a number of aspects, the heuristic approach is directly opposite to the evidence-based guideline approach. The departure point of the heuristic approach lies in a problem occurring in daily practice (bottomup), whereas the guideline approach begins with the evidence itself and moves from that point towards practice (top-down). The value of the ‘evidence’ is more absolute in the guideline approach than in the heuristic approach.

A well-formulated foreground question will lead to an answer that has direct consequences on the treatment. Foreground questions are arranged according to the PICO system (which stands for patient population, intervention, comparison, and outcome). Adhering to a PICO system enables professionals to clearly define what they want to know: formulation of relevant patient characteristics, the intervention, any possible alternative treatment methods and desired outcomes. These outcomes may be a reduction in the number and seriousness of the symptoms, or they may relate to such concepts as empowerment or a person’s ability to cope with daily activities, etc.

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