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Download Nuclear Chemical Engineering (McGraw-Hill series in nuclear by Manson Benedict PDF

By Manson Benedict

Publication by means of Manson Benedict, Thomas H. Pigford, Hans Wolfgang Levi

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By proper shaping of the magnetic field, the charged particles can be confmed for substantial periods of time, long enough to permit some fusion reactions to take place. The fusion reaction easiest to bring about is between a deuterium ion (hydrogen of mass 2) and a tritium ion (hydrogen of mass 3), to produce a helium ion of mass 4 and a neutron: 'D + Deuterium 3T -+ Tritium 4He + Helium 'n Neutron This reaction is favored because it occurs at an appreciable rate at a lower temperature (20,000,000 K) than other possible fusion reactions.

3. Many gamma-emitting nuclides resulting as products of alpha- or beta-radioactive decay have such short lives that the gamma ray appears to occur simultaneously with the alpha or beta emission that produced the gamma-active isomer. Data on gamma rays are customarily given with data on the parent alpha or beta emitter even though the gamma ray comes from the daughter nuclide. Frequently a number of gamma rays are emitted in cascade, as the unstable nuclide rapidly moves through several intermediate energy states before reaching its ground state.

S1. Stewart, H. , and S . Jaye: “Economic and Technical Aspects of the HTGR,” Report GA-7642, Jan. 1967. 1 In one mode of fission of z3sU by a slow neutron the end products are ’‘Mo, ‘=Xe, and two neutrons. 9072 amu, respectively. How many megawatt-days of energy are released per kilogram of =’U fissioned in this reaction? 2 Suppose that a fusion power system capable of generating electricity with a thermal efficiency of 40 percent could be developed. To supply a 1000-MWe power plant, how many kilograms of heavy water and natural lithium would be required per year?

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