By K. Martens
NGOs and the United countries finds how NGOs have replaced their interplay with the UN because the mid-1990s. It additionally appears at how their illustration to the UN, their consultative prestige and their attribute good points impression their courting with the UN. The case reports contain one of the most popular avid gamers at the foreign scene, corresponding to Amnesty foreign, Human Rights Watch, CARE foreign and Oxfam overseas.
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Additional info for NGOs and the United Nations: Institutionalization, Professionalization and Adaptation
Thus, service NGOs will recruit representatives who have been involved with the organization for many years in diverse situations and who know it well from various angles. In short, advocacy NGOs are more likely to have highly professional representatives to the UN because they recruit on the basis of professional skills pertaining to their advocacy issues rather than on affiliation or experience with the NGO. In accordance with the theoretical accounts, advocacy NGOs should thus be more likely to adjust their patterns of activity to the UN than service NGOs.
Significant factors in this respect are professionalization and bureaucratization. Through professionalization, issues are dealt with according to subject-specific knowledge in order to maintain quality standards. Moreover, positions which had previously been on a voluntary basis are made into a profession (Rucht et al. 1997: 55). Bureaucratization allows NGOs to establish and use particular structures for specific activities, such as a division of labour that aims at performing certain tasks routinely (Zald and Ash 1987: 122; Nullmeier 1989: 4; Rucht et al.
Service NGOs. Service NGOs provide support to people in need. They are primarily concerned with the well-being of their target group, for which they supply resources such as shelter and food and offer technical assistance and relief work. They seek connections to official institutions because these often have similar objectives, which they can pursue with common strength. Service NGOs may assist other institutions, organizations, or groups involved in their issues of concern, thus helping them fulfil their mandate.