By Carolyn Hoyle, Richard Young
This leading edge assortment offers unique theoretical and empirical learn on legal victimization. the 1st a part of the publication demanding situations stereotypical conceptions of victimization, targeting non-traditional sufferers of crime, equivalent to male sufferers of household violence, sufferers of male-on-male rape, institutional sufferers and the "victim-offenders" who're recipients of IRA punishment beatings. the second one a part of the amount considers felony justice responses to victimization. Chapters learn the views of sufferers who get entangled in courtroom, probation and restorative procedures. This booklet will extra debate on how we conceptualize sufferers and their acceptable position within the felony justice method.
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Extra resources for New Visions of Crime Victims
I knew that I’d been raped because he didn’t stop when I said ‘No’; he made my bottom bleed, and he hurt my head. There is a substantial body of research which suggests that the degree of force used by the rapist is an important factor in determining how female victims label their experiences of sexual violence as rape. 35 It was common for the men in this sample to highlight the degree of violence used when attempting to convince others that they had been raped. In cases where the victim had been penetrated with an object rather than a penis, defining the assault as ‘rape’ was not so straightforward.
See T Parker, The Courage of His Convictions (Hutchinson, London, 1962). 22 Paul Rock manner members of such groups can have become so disproportionately exposed to victimisation; how variegated are their experiences; how they move in and out of vulnerable situations and what their careers as victims might be;144 whether and how, indeed, they define themselves as victims; what, if any, defensive strategies they adopt; how they mobilise informal controls; and what, if any, recourse they make to formal agencies such as the police.
In addition an insurance policy arranged by Oxford University enabled victims who were re-traumatised as a result of the interview to claim payment for any necessary counselling and support, though none chose to do so. 24 There is a plethora of studies concerned with the response phases of female victims of rape. See, for example, AW Burgess and LL Holstrom, ‘Rape Trauma Syndrome’ (1979) 131 American Journal of Psychiatry 981–86, who first coined the phrase ‘the rape trauma syndrome’, referring to two stages of emotional recovery.