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Download Neurobehavior of Language and Cognition: Studies of Normal by Arthur Wingfield, Kristen Prentice, Christine K. Koh, PDF

By Arthur Wingfield, Kristen Prentice, Christine K. Koh, Deborah Little (auth.), Lisa Tabor Connor, Loraine K. Obler (eds.)

This quantity has been composed as an appreciation of Martin L. Albert within the 12 months of his sixtieth birthday. no less than one contributor to every paper during this quantity has been touched by way of Marty not directly; lie has mentored a few, been a fellow scholar with a few, and been a colleague to so much. those members, in addition to many others, view Marty as a talented scientist and an excellent man or woman. The breadth of his pursuits and highbrow targets is actually remarkable; this breadth is mirrored, in basic terms partly. through the range of the papers during this quantity. His pursuits have ranged from psychopharmacology to cross-cultural figuring out of dementia, in the course of the aphasias, to the background of the fields that contact on behavioral neurology, specifically neurology according to se, cognitive psychology, speech-language pathology, and linguistics. all through his scholarly paintings, Martha Taylor Sarno notes, Marty by no means loses the human viewpoint, e. g. , the “powerfully disabling impact at the person individual” with aphasia or different neurological illness. For these readers who merely how a component to his paintings, we proposal that we must always describe him right here. a few of the humans whom Marty has prompted were capable of give a contribution to this quantity. we've invited a few others who have been not able to give a contribution to specific their appreciation for him, as well.

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241-261). New York: Von Nostrand Reinhold. Burke, D. , MacKay, D. , Worthley, J. , &Wade, E. (1991). On the tip of the tongue: What causes word finding failures in young and older adults? Journal ofMemory and Language, 30, 542-579. Carpenter, P. , Miyaki, A, & Just, M. A. (1994). Working memory constraints in comprehension: Evidence from individual differences, aphasia, and aging. In M. ). Handbook of psycholinguistics (pp. 1075-1 122). San Diego, CA: Academic Press. Cerella, J. (1994). Generalized slowing and Brinley plots.

Daneman, M. & Merikle, P. M. (1996). Working memory and language comprehension: A metaanalysis. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 3, 422-433. Fisher, D. L. & Glaser, R. A. (1996). Molar and latent models of cognitive slowing: Implications for aging, dementia, depression, development, and intelligence. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 3, 458-480. Fozard, J. C. (1990). Vision and hearing in aging. In J. E. Birren & K. W. ), Handhook ofthe psychology of aging (pp. 50-83). San Diego: Academic Press.

Wingfield et al. 17 In order to exploit the high predictability levels of the passages, however, the listener must rapidly gain an understanding of both the theme of the story and the linguistic structure of what is being heard. The fact that the elderly adults’ recall performance increased for passages with increasing inter-word predictability levels at the fast speech rate (340 wpm) shows that they were able to extract meaning from the passages as they were hearing them. The shallower slope to their function, however, shows that they were less able to do this than were the young adults at this very rapid speech rate.

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