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Download Murder and justice in frontier New Mexico, 1821-1846 by Jill Mocho PDF

By Jill Mocho

This quantity recounts 11 homicides in New Mexico in the course of the Mexican interval. In colorfully written vignettes, the writer explores the social and cultural tensions that erupted in deadly violence during this remoted Mexican territory. murder in frontier New Mexico was once the fruits of violence among relations, among buddies, and opposed to and through foreigners. the writer describes and analyzes the homicide, rationale, research, trial, and sentencing in every one case. Even in this distant frontier, civil specialists aggressively utilized their criminal instruments to deliver the violent offenders to justice, even if sentences have been not often completed. murder and its aftermath supply an intimate view of social and cultural heritage. The testimony of farmers, workers, and artisans unearths their fight to reside and prosper within the deserts and mountains of recent Mexico. previous each one bankruptcy is a case precis directory the homicide, investigators, alcaldes, prosecutors, defenders, attorneys, witnesses, and others.

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They signed with a cross. Page 16 At some point in the proceedings, the justice might call a careo, an attempt to elicit the truth by a face-to-face confrontation between contending parties. According to Cutter, it was a fairly common judicial practice in Spanish colonial times. 46 In the Mexican homicide cases it occurred only once. When Manuel García de Lara refused to confess and witnesses for either side did not agree, Mariano Martínez ordered careos to take place following the ratification process.

These local magistrates relied more on common sense and custom than on legal precepts, and, local politics aside, it seems likely that their judicial decisions were respected by the community they served. Only a small group of people had the necessary education to aspire to political office in the upper levels of government. "25 The nearest attorneys were in Chihuahua, some six hundred miles to the south, over a rugged trail that traversed formidable desert terrain and hostile Indian territory.

Mexico was reorganized into twenty-four military departments whose governors were appointed by the president. 6 This arrangement lasted until 1844, when the department was divided into three districts: the northern district of Río Arriba, the central district (which included the capital), and the southern district of Río Abajo. 7 By Independence, most Spanish towns and Indian pueblos could boast an ayuntamiento to govern at the local level. Town councils acted as courts of Page 10 first appeals, adopted local ordinances, and held elections.

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