By M. Turda
Is the country an ìmagined neighborhood' situated on tradition or fairly a organic neighborhood decided via heredity? Modernism and Eugenics examines this query from a bifocal point of view. at the one hand, it seems at applied sciences wherein the person physique used to be redefined eugenically via a various variety of ecu scientists and politicians among 1870 and 1940; at the different, it illuminates how the national neighborhood used to be represented via eugenic discourses that strove to conflict a perceived strategy of cultural decay and organic degeneration. within the wake of a renewed curiosity within the historical past of technology and fascism, Modernism and Eugenics treats the background of eugenics no longer as a distorted model of crude social Darwinism that came upon its end result within the Nazi guidelines of genocide, yet as an essential component of ecu modernity, one during which the kingdom and the person launched into an exceptional quest to resume an idealized nationwide group --Book Jacket. Read more...
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Extra info for Modernism and eugenics
He believed that the time for eugenics had not yet come, and that advancing the public opinion’s favourable reception thereof was a matter of targeting society at large instead of individuals. In a visionary way, Galton concluded: Considering that public opinion is guided by the sense of what best serves the interests of society as a whole, it is reasonable to expect that it will be strongly exerted in favour of Eugenics when a sufficiency of evidence shall have been collected to make the truths on which it rests plain to all.
In 1942, the social scientist Friedrich A. ”5 According to this line of thought, scientism was a surrogate for religion in an age of increased atomisation of the social and political life and emerging totalitarianisms. ”6 The common ground between these convergent arguments is an emphasis on the fusion between scientific language and forms of religious and political rituals. These authors have been able to show how scientific discourses once restricted to a selected number of practitioners and cultural elites had tunnelled galleries into the religious edifice of European culture since the sixteenth century, contributing significantly to the emergence of a hybrid form of knowledge: one which demanded the same loyalty and sacrifice from its followers as religion, but its promised immortality came not from the heavenly church but from the temple of science.
The importance of eugenics for improving hygiene was thus perceived to be substantial. As Apáthy explained: The endeavours of these two sciences are in many aspects similar; furthermore, the improvement of public hygiene itself is one of the methods employed by racial hygiene. Yet the latter has also adopted methods which originated in sociology, on the one hand, and in ethics, on the other; and, finally, it adopted an entirely specific biological method as well. This method is the deliberate selection of those elements that protect the race and the impediment of the reproduction of certain individuals who might have a damaging effect on the future generation.