Chapter 1 creation (pages 1–3): S. P. Nunes and K.?V. Peinemann
Chapter 2 Membrane marketplace (pages 5–7): S. P. Nunes and K.?V. Peinemann
Chapter three Membrane training (pages 9–14): S. P. Nunes and K.?V. Peinemann
Chapter four shortly on hand Membranes for Liquid Separation (pages 15–38): S. P. Nunes and K.?V. Peinemann
Chapter five floor amendment of Membranes (pages 39–43): S. P. Nunes and K.?V. Peinemann
Chapter 6 Membranes for gasoline Cells (pages 45–52): S. P. Nunes and K.?V. Peinemann
Chapter 7 fuel Separation with Membranes (pages 53–90): S. P. Nunes and K.?V. Peinemann
Chapter eight The Separation of natural Vapors from fuel Streams through Membranes (pages 91–117): okay. Ohlrogge and okay. Sturken
Chapter nine Gas?separation Membrane purposes (pages 119–150): D. J. Stookey
Chapter 10 State?of?the?Art of Pervaporation tactics within the Chemical (pages 151–202): H. E. A. Bruschke
Chapter eleven natural Solvent Nanofiltration (pages 203–228): A. G. Livingston, L. G. Peeva and P. Silva
Chapter 12 business Membrane Reactors (pages 229–258): M. F. Kemmere and J. T. F. Keurentjes
Chapter thirteen Electromembrane methods (pages 259–304): T. A. Davis, V. D. Grebenyuk and O. Grebenyuk
Chapter 14 Membrane know-how within the Chemical undefined: destiny instructions (pages 305–335): R. W. Baker
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Additional info for Membrane Technology: in the Chemical Industry, Second, Revised and Extended Edition
Edited by Suzana Pereira Nunes and Klaus-Viktor Peinemann Copyright © 2006 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim ISBN: 3-527-31316-8 46 6 Membranes for Fuel Cells ode to the cathode. In the interface regions, in contrast to the bulk, high electron conductivity is an additional requirement to support the electrochemical reaction. If the cell is fed with a mixture of methanol and water (direct methanol fuel cell, DMFC), an analogous oxidation reaction occurs with formation of protons and CO2.
1. 6 times smaller than the diffusion coefficient of oxygen. However, the solubility of pentane is about 200 times larger than the solubility of oxygen. This solubility selectivity outnumbers the reverse diffusion selectivity. As a result, silicone rubber is much more permeable for pentane than for oxygen. Fig. 1 Diffusion and solubility coefficients of different gases in silicone rubber at 30 8C [275–277] vs. the critical volume.
The ionomer membranes are produced in the sulfonyl fluoride precursor form, a thermoplastic that can be extruded in films. The films are then hydrolyzed and converted to the acid form, which is no longer melt processable, and are insoluble in any solvent at temperatures below 200 8C [154, 155]. The main chain is perfluorinated (x and y only indicate the molar composition and are not related to a sequence length) and long hydrophilic side chains segregate forming clusters immersed in the hydrophobic fluorinated matrix.