By Adam J. Kosto
This learn examines the position of written agreements in 11th- and twelfth-century Catalonia, and the way they made up our minds the social and political order. by way of tracing the destiny of those agreements - or convenientiae - from their first visual appeal to the overdue 12th century, it's attainable to illustrate the awesome balance of the fluid constructions which they engendered in what's ordinarily considered 'feudal society'. the method of documentary swap unearths the real nature and velocity of the 'transformation of the yr 1000'. research of the convenientia as an tool of energy and its interplay with oral practices contributes to a deeper realizing of the position of the written be aware in medieval societies. eventually, a huge historiographical context establishes the importance of this research of Catalonia for a extra basic appreciation of the medieval Mediterranean global.
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Additional resources for Making Agreements in Medieval Catalonia: Power, Order, and the Written Word, 1000-1200
51 Unlike most other contemporary acts, however, convenientiae do not adhere strictly to formulae. Their often highly descriptive texts can compensate for the absence of narrative accounts; when combined with similarly informative documents, such as records of judgment and testaments, it is possible to reconstruct the course of events. This study departs from much earlier work on Catalonia in its historiographical approach. First, it crosses a traditional chronological boundary. The development, diﬀusion, and decline of the convenientia as an important element in Catalan society is a phenomenon of the eleventh and twelfth centuries.
1 The complexity of the document suggests that it was not the ﬁrst such agreement of its kind, nor the ﬁrst to be written down. This very complexity and the prominence of the participants, however, make the agreement a useful symbol of a social and documentary transformation in the region. It provides a touchstone for an examination of the context in which the convenientia emerged, an examination that demonstrates the links between changes in documents and changes in institutions. The exemplar of this ﬁrst surviving convenientia, which appears to be an original, is striking both for its size and its length: at , words it is among the longest eleventh-century records in the comital archive.
He concluded that the convenientia was a purely consensual contract that gradually forced out the formal elements of Lombard contractual practice. 55 Calasso’s study was limited to Italian sources. With the exception of the authors of manuals of diplomatics,56 historians of regions outside Italy hardly seemed to notice the convenientia – until Paul Ourliac. Ourliac succinctly presented the problems and questions – and provided some answers and images – upon which later scholars have constantly drawn.