By Dominik Zaum
The legitimacy of foreign and local companies and their activities is often asserted and challenged via states and commentators alike. Their authorisations or behavior of army interventions, their buildings of decision-making, and their involvement into what states deem to be household concerns have all raised questions of legitimacy. As overseas businesses lack the coercive powers of states, legitimacy can be thought of crucial to their skill to realize compliance with their judgements.
Despite the prominence of legitimacy speak round overseas businesses, little realization has been paid to the practices and techniques during which such organizations and their member states justify the authority those organizations workout - how they legitimise themselves either vis-a-vis their very own participants and exterior audiences. This publication addresses this hole through evaluating and comparing the legitimation practices of more than a few foreign and neighborhood firms. It examines the practices during which such businesses justify and converse their legitimacy claims, and the way those practices range among agencies. In exploring the explicit legitimation practices of overseas enterprises, this publication analyses the level to which such practices are formed by means of the constitution of different organizations, through the distinctive normative environments during which they function, and via the nature of the audiences in their legitimacy claims. It additionally considers the consequences of this research for international and local governance.
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Extra info for Legitimating International Organization
63 Ian Johnstone, ‘Security Council Deliberations: The Power of the Better Argument’, European Journal of International Law, Vol. 14/3 (2003), 437–80. ’, Review of International Studies, Vol. 31 (2005), special issue on Force and Legitimacy in World Politics, 15–32. 65 See Chapter 9 by Chris Lord in this volume. See also Thomas Risse and Mareike Kleine, ‘Assessing the Legitimacy of the EU’s Treaty Revision Methods’, Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 45/1 (2007), 69–80. 66 Noah Feldman, What We Owe Iraq: War and the Ethcis of Nationbuilding (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004); Jeni Whalan, ‘The power of friends: The Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands’ Journal of Peace Research, 47/5 (2010), 627–37; Dominik Zaum, The Sovereignty Paradox: The Norms and Politics of International Statebuilding (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).
Global Civil Society The first practice with global reach is global civil society. This is the society of people who claim first-generation rights for themselves and recognize them in others. Rights holders in the society consider they have their rights no matter where they are. Their fundamental rights are not territorially bound. In some places in the world, rights holders have adequate machinery to protect their rights (in 16 For further elucidation of these forms of reciprocal recognition see Mervyn Frost, Ethics in International Relations: A Constitutive Theory (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996), last two chapters.
I now need to turn to the process of ethical evaluation that follows whenever the legitimacy question is posed. What are the ethical underpinnings of the UN that the participants call on when confronted with questions of legitimacy? What values do its members have in common? The UN is a universal organization in that the vast majority of states belong to it. Within this multiplicity of states there are any number of different national communities, religious communities, tribes, clans, and other social groups.