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Download Le sucre: production, commercialisation et usages dans la by Mohamed Ouerfelli PDF

By Mohamed Ouerfelli

The subsequent research analyses the standards in the back of the unfold of sugar cane from the East to the West, the geography of its institution within the Mediterranean period and reconstitutes the approaches of sugar construction and the employer of labor within the plantations and medieval sugar factories. It questions the standard of sugar produced and the evolution of costs of this commodity. It establishes the stipulations of its delivery and alternate. eventually, it reports the various makes use of of sugar, together with in drugs and diets. Sugar used to be positive as a foodstuff stuff and have become an necessary aspect within the confectionery and pastry, which adorned the tables of the royal courts. It remained a luxurious product reserved for the excessive society.

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10–63. 20 La route du sucre du VIIIe au XVIIIe siècle. Actes du colloque organisé par l’Association populaire pour l’éducation scientifique, dir. E. Eadie, Schoelcher, 2000, Paris, 2001. 21 M. Balard, « Les conditions de la production sucrière en Méditerranée orientale à la fin du Moyen Âge », La route du sucre, op. , pp. 41–48. 22 M. Burac, « La canne à sucre : la route Asie-Amérique », La route du sucre, op. , pp. 17–31 ; C. Montbrun, « La canne à sucre de l’Asie au Maroc », op. , pp. 49–61. introduction générale 7 débat reste donc ouvert même si la réalité historique est toute autre ; nous essayerons de démontrer que ces idées ne reposent sur aucun fondement et qu’elles ne résistent pas à la confrontation de notre documentation.

249 ; Idr¯ıs¯ı, Nuzhat al-muˇst¯aq f¯ı "ikhtir¯aq al-’¯af¯aq, le Caire, 1994, t. I, p. 393. O. von Lippmann, Geschichte des Zuckers, op. , pp. 161–162. 29 M. Lombard, L’Islam dans sa première grandeur, Paris, 1971, p. 167. 30 N. Deerr, The history of sugar, op. , t. I, p. 69. H. Galloway, The sugar cane industry, op. , p. 24. 32 W. Heyd, Histoire du commerce du Levant, op. , II, p. O. von Lippmann, Geschichte des Zuckers, op. , p. 166. M. Watson, Agricultural innovation in the early islamic world.

En dépit d’une abondance relative de sources diverses dans ce dernier pays, grâce notamment aux sommes de savoirs laissées par des fonctionnaires de la chancellerie mamlûke, l’écriture de l’histoire dans le monde musulman est une littérature de prince, composée par des auteurs citadins 29 W. Heyd, Histoire du commerce du Levant au Moyen Âge, Leipzig, 1885–1886, rééd. Amsterdam, 1967, 2 vols ; J. Heers, Gênes au XVe siècle : activités économiques et problèmes sociaux, Paris, 1961 ; E. Ashtor, Levant trade in the later Middle Ages, op.

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