By Martin Wright
Martin WrightÃs unique ground-breaking and influential research of the defects of the hostile approach of justice, plus the arguments in favour of a extra confident and victim-oriented process. A ebook that has had an immense impression on victimsÃ concerns and restorative justice - and that's crucial studying for an individual wishing to appreciate those advancements. some of the most compelling arguments concerning the want for swap on the subject of sufferers and offenders. A seriously acclaimed and key paintings within the annals of felony justice.
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Extra resources for Justice for Victims and Offenders: A Restorative Response to Crime
Victims and 'victimology' began to. be written about in the 1930s and 1940s, but at first only with regard to victims' interaction with offenders (Mendelsohn, 1963; von Hentig 1948). It was Margery Fry, for thirty years a leading figure in the Howard League for Penal Reform, who revived the 42 concept of reparation by the offender (1951: 124-6), but she then turned her attention to the campaign for State compensation for victims of violent crime. This was taken up by the lawyers' campaigning group Justice (1962), and introduced shortly after her death.
Individual deterrence meanwhile would be replaced by a message to the offender saying in effect: You have harmed someone else, so you must make up for it by doing something constructive for the victim or for the community; but if you need help, other members of society will try to provide it. We will show concern for the victim, not by taking it out on you, but by offering support to him or her, by requiring you to make reparation, directly or indirectly (and if necessary enabling you to do so), and trying to reduce crime in future.
But if this is tackled by combining rehabilitation and punishment, as has been common practice since the Gladstone Committee of 1895, they counteract each other: the punishment is made less deterrent, but undermines the rehabilitation which depends on winning the offender's trust and co-operation. The 1990s have seen a resurgence of punitive philosophies. In Britain, the Criminal Justice Act 1991 stressed that sente~ces must be proportionate to the seriousness of the offence. At the lowest level were fines and minor penalties.