By Jeffrey S. Gaab
In 1945, on the finish of global conflict II, American profession forces all started the daunting activity of rebuilding democratic society in war-shattered Germany. Key to this reconstruction was once the institution of a democratically orientated felony approach. Justice Delayed examines how the U.S. tried to reconstitute a democratic felony process in Bavaria at the ruins of Hitler's «thousand-year Reich.»
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Extra resources for Justice Delayed: The Restoration of Justice in Bavaria under American Occupation, 1945-1949
The application for a party meeting had to include the time, place and reasons for the meeting. Members could be solicited and propaganda distributed at the meetings. Military Government could forbid or close meetings that seemed hostile to the objectives of the occupation. Licensed parties had to submit reports of their activities to Military Government every two weeks. Military Government permitted the establishment of state-wide parties on 23 November 1945 and called for state-wide local elections for 27 January 1946.
26 On April 30 1945 the American Army entered Munich, capital of what had been Bavaria until 1934. The next day the Military Government detachment for the city arrived and commissioned Dr. Karl Scharnagl, Lord Mayor of Munich before 1933, to again run the city. Munich was easy, for, despite the bomb damage, it still existed as a political entity. Hitler abolished Germany’s federal structure, dividing the country into administrative zones or Gaue. In 1935 the National Socialist regime eliminated the state of Bavaria despite protests from Bavarian politicians.
59 When in April 1942 Hitler heard of a decision with which he did not agree, he acted. Apparently, around 1942, a man beat his wife until, over time, she became insane and finally died. The court that tried the case sentenced the defendant to five years in prison which, for Hitler, was insufficient. ” Germany must not decline, he declared, so that formal law might live. ” Not only did the Reichstag approve Hitler’s request, but in August a special Hitler decree ordered the Minister of Justice “to establish a National Socialist administration of Justice .