By Ronald E. Day
During this ebook, Ronald Day bargains a serious heritage of the fashionable culture of documentation. targeting the documentary index (understood as a style of social positioning), and drawing at the paintings of the French documentalist Suzanne Briet, Day explores the certainty and makes use of of indexicality. He examines the transition as indexes went from being particular specialist constructions that mediated clients and files to being implicit infrastructural units utilized in daily info and verbal exchange acts. Doing so, he additionally lines 3 epistemic eras within the illustration of people and teams, first within the different types of records, then details, then facts.
Day investigates 5 circumstances from the fashionable culture of documentation. He considers the socio-technical instrumentalism of Paul Otlet, “the father of eu documentation” (contrasting it to the hermeneutic point of view of Martin Heidegger); the shift from documentation to info technological know-how and the accompanying transformation of people and texts into clients and knowledge; social media’s use of algorithms, additional subsuming folks and texts; makes an attempt to construct android robots—to include human corporation inside a knowledge process that resembles a individual; and social “big data” as a method of neoliberal governance that employs indexing and analytics for reasons of surveillance. eventually, Day considers the prestige of critique and judgment at a time whilst humans and their rights of judgment are more and more mediated, displaced, and changed through smooth documentary recommendations.
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Extra resources for Indexing It All: The Subject in the Age of Documentation, Information, and Data (History and Foundations of Information Science)
In contrast, what Balnaves and Willson call the Otlet tradition views information as a response to an information need (which is sometimes seen as a cognitive deficit)—in other words, as the product of the “transferal” of knowledge from the document to the user. Balnaves and Willson seem to see the first tradition as firmly rooted in the documentary and library traditions and the latter extending from information science out to cognitive science. As I argued in the previous chapter, indexes in the Otlet tradition have more than simply a retrieval function; they not only act as affordances and means for the fulfillment of “information needs,” but for the creation of such, and the creation of documentary-mediated persons and selves, as well.
Modern psychological measurement and their indexes for Heidegger provide the illusion of a way of quantitatively grasping the indefiniteness of moods that take hold of us, explaining our psychological being in terms of economies of individual-agent causes and effects that can be represented, predicted, and psychologically corrected. They seek to provide a way to manage such moods by manipulating events that might affect such moods and to condition such moods toward cognitive decision making. ) Heidegger’s insistence upon mood and other “primordial” relationships raises the question of the modern sense of “information,” “communication,” and “knowledge”: do these terms signify the transmission of meaning from an outside source (another person, for example) to a given subject, or do they signify an affect which both the subject and the other are within and are both expressing and expressed through?
The article proceeds as a sort of science or physiology of the book as a mentally enlarged person by additional information, a knowledge economy that in later works Otlet many times traced in his notion of an ecological system of knowledge, in which books play the metonymical role of being both a material object and a generalized documentary concept, and always a supplement to the human brain, both of an author and collectively of civilization. Paul Otlet 19 This emblematic passage is interesting for several reasons.