By Margaret Gowing (auth.)
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Extra resources for Independence and Deterrence: Britain and Atomic Energy, 1945–1952 Volume 1: Policy Making
There was to be a new sub-committee on atomic energy of the Government's Advisory Council on Scientific Policy with Sir James Chadwick as chairman, and it was • Minister at the British Embassy in charge of atomic energy policy 1945-7, Assistant and later Deputy Under-Secretary in the Foreign Office 1947-52, knighted as Sir Roger Makins 1949, later Ambassador in Washington 1952-6, and Chairman of the Atomic Energy Authority 1960-4> created Lord Sherfield 1964· t For a short time he was nominally deputy chairman with Sir Edward Bridges as chairman, but in practice he always chaired the Committee.
Officials in the Cabinet Office and 10 Downing Street had hoped he would exercise general co-ordination of the project in Whitehall, and when the Atomic Energy Official Committee was established in the summer of 1946 they expected Portal to be chairman. But Portal saw his functions as strictly related to production and he flatly refused to extend them even in the face of intervention by the Prime Minister. When Portal took over, another key appointment besides Cockcroft's had already been decided upon.
Early in 1947 the Secretary of the Cabinet and the Prime Minister's special assistant considered the relationship between Tizard and his committee and atomic energy. They believed that Tizard was not only concerned with committee relationships, but was toying with the idea that the administrative and executive responsibilities for atomic energy should come within his organisation. They saw in this the remains of Tizard's extreme soreness at his exclusion from atomic energy affairs during the war.