By George R. Nielsen
Within the prior century a wide part of the smallest of the Slavonic international locations left their German place of birth and migrated to 3 far away continents. George R. Nielsen, during this revised version of his vintage learn of Wendish migration, conscientiously describes the main points of immigration and weighs the potential factors for the exodus, the payment, and acculturation styles that resulted. The earliest emigrants traveled to Australia, yet regardless of efforts to motivate team spirit, they have been unsuccessful, and no unmarried, huge Wendish payment used to be shaped. the biggest quantity migrated to Texas, the place at Serbin, below the management of pastor Jan Kilian, they shaped a Wendish neighborhood, conserving their very own language in church, college, and residential. neighborhood agricultural stipulations, even if, proved too negative to maintain many of us, so the Wends of Texas additionally scattered and at last misplaced so much in their ethnic specialty. Smaller numbers of Wends migrated to Canada, Nebraska, and South Africa. those Wends in most cases settled between Germans and have been absorbed by means of the neighborhood German groups. This paintings can provide to proceed because the common reference at the abroad resettlement of those precise humans.
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Extra info for In Search of a Home: Nineteenth Century Wendish Immigration
Research with such sparse and scattered material was much of a back-and-forth procedure, where information at one stage of the study made little sense, but later, in context, could lead to valuable insights. The initial step was to find a congregation with membership records that included the village of birth in Europe. Very often the location of a single Wend, whether in a congregational book or on a ship's passenger list, led to others, because Wends tended to travel and live with other Wends.
The Thirty Years War that followed the Reformation devastated much of Europe, including Lusatia. Armies marched across the coun- Page 9 try, and Christians on both sides burned buildings and robbed and killed civilians. So complete was the destruction that few local church records of the sixteenth century exist in Lusatia today, and most parish books presently available begin in the period after the conflict had ended. Bautzen, a fortified city, was also burned in 1634. The next year, in 1635, at the Peace of Prague, the King of Bohemia ceded the area to Saxony although he continued as protector of the remaining Lusatian Catholics.
The Germans regained the territory in 1032 and later partitioned it between the Margraves of Meissen and Brandenburg. The Germans could not stabilize their authority either, and beginning in 1136 German control of Lusatia alternated with that of the Bohemian crown. Finally in 1329 the King of Bohemia gained Upper Lusatia, and in 1367 he purchased Lower Lusatia. Bohemia, in turn, lost Lusatia temporarily to Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary, but when he died in 1490, the area reverted to Bohemia.