By Joan DeJean
At the start of the 17th century, Paris used to be recognized for remoted monuments yet had now not but placed its model on city area. Like different ecu towns, it was once nonetheless rising from its medieval earlier. yet in a trifling century Paris will be remodeled into the trendy and mythic urban we all know today.
Though most folks affiliate the signature features of Paris with the general public works of the 19th century, Joan DeJean demonstrates that the Parisian version for city house used to be in reality invented centuries previous, while the 1st whole layout for the French capital used to be drawn up and carried out. for that reason, Paris observed many alterations. It grew to become the 1st urban to rip down its fortifications, inviting humans in instead of protecting them out. Parisian city making plans showcased new forms of streets, together with the unique side road, in addition to public parks and the earliest sidewalks and bridges with no homes. Venues opened for city leisure of every kind, from opera and ballet to a hobby invented in Paris, leisure procuring. Parisians loved the earliest public transportation and road lighting fixtures, and Paris turned Europe’s first nice jogging city.
A century of deliberate improvement made Paris either attractive and fascinating. It gave humans purposes to be out in public as by no means sooner than and as nowhere else. And it gave Paris its sleek identification as a spot that folks dreamed of seeing. by means of 1700, Paris had develop into the capital that may revolutionize our perception of the town and of city existence.
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Extra info for How Paris Became Paris: The Invention of the Modern City
18. Bronze mantel clock and candlesticks by Lerolle frères. 19. Hand method of wallpaper printing (1889). 20. Machine method of wallpaper making (1889). 21. Floral wallpaper by Zuber. 22. Stag-hunt wallpaper by Delicourt. 23. Fans by Duvelleroy. Page xi ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I am very grateful to those institutions that supported the research for this book. A predoctoral fellowship from the American Association of University Women allowed me to spend a year in France doing the research for my dissertation, on which this book is based.
4 of France, 1848-1945 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980), though his analysis of bourgeois consumption is sketchy at best. See Whitney Walton, "'To Triumph before Feminine Taste': Bourgeois Women's Consumption and Hand Methods of Production in Mid-Nineteenth-Century Paris," Business History Review 60 (Winter 1986): 541-63. An important work on bourgeois consumption in the United States is Susan Porter Benson, Counter Cultures: Saleswomen, Managers, and Customers in American Department Stores, 1890-1940 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1986).
It argues that the desires and concerns of bourgeois consumers in many cases promoted parcelized, hand methods of manufacturing in France, and that the successful performance of French industry at the exhibition led to policy proposals intended to support this pattern of industrial development. Consumer demand, of course, was not the only reason for the persistence of hand manufacturing in nineteenth-century France. 10 Implied or explicit in all of these explanations is the assumption of the English model or norm, in 9.