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Download Historical and Critical Dictionary: Selections by Pierre Bayle PDF

By Pierre Bayle

Richard Popkin's meticulous translation - the main whole because the eighteenth century - includes decisions from thirty-nine articles, in addition to from Bayle's 4 Clarifications. the majority of the main articles of philosophical and theological curiosity - those who prompted Leibniz, Berkeley, Hume, and Voltaire and shaped the foundation for thus many eighteenth-century discussions - are current, together with "David", "Manicheans", "Paulicians", "Pyrrho", "Rorarius", "Simonides", "Spinoza", and "Zeno of Elea".

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Extra resources for Historical and Critical Dictionary: Selections

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We have seen abovee the same looseness of morality in St. Chrysostom concerning the conduct of Abraham and Sarah. C. ) Ought not so great a theologian know that our life, which is only a temporal and perishable good, should not seem so precious to us as to be thought worthy of being purchased at the price of disobeying God's law? For, since this disobedience is a sin that subjects us to an eternal punishment, and a moral evil that offends an infinite being, it is no less against prudence than against right reason to prefer to commit a sin rather than lose one's life.

11 In remark C, article "Sarah" [not included in these selections]. 12 According to Mercer. See Rivet, Exercit. in Genes. J95. ABIMELECH 7 properly those of Josephus, who falsely supposes that Abraham said that Sarah was the daughter of his brother. 4 He has followed the same author regarding a fact about which Scripture does not say a word, namely, concerning an alleged alliance made between Abimelech and Abraham after Sarah was restored to her one could eat or drink any longer, nor could anything go through their stomachs, and so on.

The remorse of a conscience excited either by itself or by the arguments of a casuist is more lively when one is afraid of dying. Thus, one makes less difficulty about going through a disagreeable ceremony that sets this remorse to rest. In addition, a great noble, solicted for marriage by a mistress he is fond of, may imagine that she will be a thousand times more complaisant and faithful while she flatters herself with the hopes of becoming an honest woman, and that, when she reaches this state, she will reveal her haughtiness, her bad temper, and the like.

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