By Philip J. Van Der Eijk
This number of papers reviews the Hippocratic writings of their courting to the highbrow, social, cultural and literary context within which they have been written. ‘Context’ comprises not just the Greek international, but in addition the scientific suggestion and perform of alternative civilisations within the Mediterranean, akin to Babylonian and Egyptian medication. one other focal point are the kin among the Hippocratic writings and ‘non-Hippocratic’ clinical authors of the 5th and fourth century BCE, akin to Diocles of Carystus, Praxagoras of Cos, in addition to Plato, Aristotle and Theophrastus. the gathering additional contains experiences of a few of the fewer recognized works within the Hippocratic Corpus, equivalent to Internal Affections, On the Eye, and Prorrheticon. and eventually, a couple of papers are dedicated to the effect and reception of Hippocratic notion in later antiquity and the early glossy interval.
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Additional resources for Hippocrates in Context: Papers read at the International Hipocrates Colloquium University of Newcastle upon Tyne 27-31 August 2002 (Studies in Ancient Medicine) (Studies in Ancient Medicine)
18 Cf. Aristotle’s use of kenos in relation to theories not connected to appropriate archai which are too (lian) general and unconnected to the facts, Arist. GA 748 a 7–11: otow m¢n oÔn ı lÒgow kayÒlou l¤an ka‹ kenÒw: oﬂ går mØ §k t«n oﬁke¤vn 16 érx«n lÒgoi keno¤, éllå dokoËsin e‰nai t«n pragmãtvn oÈk ˆntew. oﬂ går §k t«n érx«n t«n g°vmetrik«n g°vmetriko¤, ımo¤vw d¢ ka‹ §p‹ t«n êllvn: tÚ d¢ kenÚn doke› m¢n e‰na¤ ti, ¶sti dÉ oÈy°n. cf. Met. 992 a 28: diå ken∞w l°gomen. See fur- ther Bonitz (1955) ad loc.
27 Seen from this point of view, the historian seems superior to the doctor here. 30 With good reason, scholars have detected in Thucydides’ description the technical vocabulary typical of medical writers,31 and it is not surprising to ﬁnd among these technical terms some that refer to crisis and cause. These two words can be found united in the same context when Thucydides investigates the way in which the disease started in individuals: Among those who were already ill, all kinds of diseases were decided by changing into this one (§w toËto pãnta épekr¤yh), while among the others, from no apparent cause (épÉ oÈdemiçw profãsevw) but suddenly, 26 See Grmek (1989) 16.
1920), ‘The meaning of kr¤siw as medical term’, Classical Review 34, 64–65. HIPPOCRATIC EXPLANATIONS Jane Barton Summary This paper considers VM’s largely unrecognised contribution to a debate which spanned philosophy and medicine concerning the demands an adequate explanation must meet in the operation of a craft. VM’s special contribution consists in indicating a means to an understanding of a mutual interdependence of theory and practice which acknowledges the strengths of a theoretical explanatory framework, but also recognises that practical success should inform that theory.