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This article on genetic development in tomatoes covers: historical past, starting place and cultivation; germplasm source assortment and conservation; cytogenetics and evolution; and expression of heterosis by way of hybridization.
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Additional info for Genetic Improvement of Solanaceous Crops. Volume 2: Tomato
L. chilense is the most southerly of Lycopersicon species 30 Genetic Improvement of Solanaceous Crops: Tomato distributed in Chile and southern Peru and prefers extremely arid habitats (Taylor 1986). ii) Lycopersicon peruvianum is genetically and morphologically the most diverse of the Lycopersicon species and several varieties have been described (dentatum, humifusum, peruvianum). In general, the species exhibits severe barriers to crossing with L. esculentum. Fruit interior is green or whitish when ripe and sympodia have two leaves.
CpDNA results also gave evidence for a close relationship of L. chilense and L. chmielewskii to L. peruvianum. This apparent anomaly may be explained by the observation that L. peruvianum is a heterogeneous taxon with northern populations being somewhat closely related to the esculentum complex. Eight Lycopersicon species were surveyed for RFLPs using 40 singlecopy nuclear probes (Miller and Tanksley 1990). The sample of 156 plants represented two to five plants per accession and with the exception of L.
J. K. Jansen. 1993. Chloroplast DNA evidence for the interrelationships of tomatoes, potatoes, and pepinos (Solanaceae). Am J Bot 80: 676-688. , I. Peralta and S. Knapp. 2005. Comparison of AFLPs with other markers for phylogenetic inference in wild tomatoes [Solanum L. ]. Taxon 54: 43-61. A. M. Rick. 1986. Genetics and breeding. In: J. G. Atherton and J. ], The Tomato Crop: A Scientific Basis for Improvement. Chapman and Hall, London, pp. 35-109. E. 1981. The solanaceous genera Browallia, Capsicum, Cestrum, Cyphomandra, Hyoscyamus, Lycopersicon, Nierembergia, Physalis, Petunia, Salpichroa, Withania, naturalized in Australia.