By Dr Julius Rocca
This ebook is a examine of the ways that Galen sought to set up the mind because the regent half (hegemonikon) of the physique, using a rigorous anatomical epistemology and a regularly subtle (but perforce restricted) set of physiological arguments. half 1 surveys the clinical and philosophical earlier within which the examine of the mind happened, and appears on the fabrics and strategies which Galen employs to valid his hegemonic argumentation. half 2 examines Galen's anatomical realizing of the mind, specially the ventricles. half three bargains a severe evaluate of Galen's body structure of the mind. this can be the 1st monograph to provide a close account of this topic, atmosphere it in the cultural and highbrow contexts of its period, and may be of curiosity to these in classics, scientific historical past, background and philosophy of technological know-how and the background of rules.
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Extra info for Galen on the Brain: Anatomical Knowledge and Physiological Speculation in the Second Century Ad (Studies in Ancient Medicine)
Idem, 66, 115ﬀ. This is correct as far as it goes, but it is more than simply a label of convenience. It is a working deﬁnition of a group of physicians opposed to the tenets of Empiricism. ” There were doctors who were Rationalists in the narrow sense that they maintained anatomical knowledge required dissection. 64 Exactly how such a sect may have inﬂuenced the direction of later Herophilean medical research is not known. But pressure from such a group may have persuaded a signiﬁcant number of Herophileans to concentrate on ways to repel such rivals, one being to focus more on textual matters (including the codiﬁcation and transmission of material) and practical medicine rather than devote time and eﬀort to a sustained programme of anatomical research.
On Demetrius, see Jones, 1967. 53 Praecogn. pp. 96,5–98,8 Nutton; XIV. 627–628 K. Galen states, apparently without irony, that Alexander is known for his acrimonious disputation or “love of contentiousness” (filoneik¤a). Galen’s anger with those who hold this sceptical position is well illustrated in his short but powerful treatise, De optima doctrina, composed as an attack on contemporary Academic philosophers like Favorinus of Arelate, whose sceptical viewpoint, according to Galen, makes the acquisition of knowledge by the sense organs invalid.
613 K). On malaria in the ancient world, see Burke, 1996; cf. Arnott and Stuckey, forthcoming. ” Praecogn. p. 76,26–9 Nutton; XIV. 608 K. The Peripatetic Alexander of Aphrodisias took the trouble to write at least two refutations of Galen as a philosopher. Cf. Nutton, 1984b, 318ﬀ. 42 Only Ilberg, 1905, 286, had previously remarked upon the signiﬁcance of this network. Cf. Nutton, 1979, 158. 43 On patronage in the Roman world see for example Saller, 1982, chapter 3; Garnsey and Saller, 1987, 151–6.