By Kenneth G. Kelly, Meredith D. Hardy
"The first choice of extensively multiregional and multidisciplinary archaeological experiences addressing the French colonial event within the southern usa and the Caribbean. The contributions show the varied ways that French colonists, African slaves, and local american citizens adjusted to new colonial realities via stories of fabric tradition, panorama, structure, vitamin, and bioarchaeology. vital resource fabric for all scholars of the yankee colonial period."--Kathleen Deagan, Florida Museum of average History
This leading edge selection of essays brings jointly archaeological examine on French colonial websites from Maryland, South Carolina, the Gulf Coast and decrease Mississippi Valley, the Caribbean, and French Guiana to discover the character of French colonization. particular contributions discover foodways, ceramics, plantations, structure, and colonial interactions with Africans and local american citizens, all with a watch to what makes the French colonial exercise particular from better-known British or Spanish experience.
Crosscutting the amount are such questions as, how are "French" websites diverse from these of alternative nationalities, what's the nature of French colonization, how can archaeology support determine relatively nationwide histories in a given colonial surroundings, and the way used to be French id materialized and maintained within the New World?
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Additional resources for French Colonial Archaeology in the Southeast and Caribbean
Excavations there uncovered a poteaux-en-terre structure dating to the end of the eighteenth century. The remains of this structure consisted of a 50-cm-wide trench that traced the outline of a rectangular building that was 10 m long by 5 m wide. A series of 30-cmdiameter postholes were spaced approximately 1 m apart in the center of the trench. Nearby was a second structure constructed using a series of smaller trenches that each held two posts. Like the post-in-trench structures from Yaughan and Curriboo plantations, the trenches at Waterhorn were deep (approximately 1 m below modern ground surface) with vertical sides and flat bottoms (Shlasko 1997; Wheaton and Garrow 1985:244).
Disciplinary practices varied from plantation to plantation, but mutilation, whipping, and other violence has been recorded throughout the Caribbean and plantation-holding areas of North America (Blackburn 1997). Since the proprietors at L’Hermitage had derived their livelihood from a regime of forced human labor, they probably arrived in Maryland accustomed to using such violence to maintain control. Atrocities committed against slaves were by no means limited to French colonials, nor is it supportable based on this author’s research to conclude that the French in general were more cruel than slaveholders from other countries, but the losses that the proprietors of L’Hermitage suffered upon their unwilling expulsion from Saint-Domingue may well have escalated the violence they employed in Maryland.
In 1797, Pierre Louis, one of the slaves registered by Boisneuf in 1793, filed a petition for freedom on the grounds that Maryland law prohibited his importation. As previously stated, single male refugees were permitted by Maryland law to import three of their domestic slaves. Pierre Louis had been the domestic servant of Boisneuf ’s deceased brother prior to his importation to Maryland. Representatives on his behalf argued that because Louis had belonged to Boisneuf ’s brother, not Boisneuf himself, Boisneuf had no right to register him in the first place (Catterall 1968:55– 56).