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Download France in the European Union by Alain Guyomarch PDF

By Alain Guyomarch

France within the ecu Union is targeted round significant subject matters: the ambivalent perspective of Presidents, Ministers, political events, curiosity teams and sections of the general public in the direction of eu Integration, and the complexity of the variation techniques in lots of coverage sectors that have develop into valuable due to european club. even supposing French inputs have significantly stimulated ecu associations and guidelines, the influence of these rules and the hot coverage tactics of the european have additionally performed a massive function in remodeling many elements of French politics and economics.

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That step was taken with the SEA in 1987, when the EC progressed from harmonizing external tariff barriers to dismantling internal non-tariff barriers. To achieve the basic idea of the EC of fair competition between firms in a single market required a legislative package of almost 300 measures, and all member states agreed that qualified majority voting in the Council (rather than unanimity, the practice since the Luxembourg Compromise) was essential to complete that package. For France, the SEA 34 France in the European Union meant that traditional dirigiste practices, such as backing 'national champion' firms with cheap loans and public contracts, or subsidizing a massive public sector, had, slowly and reluctantly, to be given up.

Even French ministers feared that an independent Germany with its own armed forces would again endanger French security. Thus the Pleven Plan was drafted as a response to US pressure for the rearmament of Germany. Despite the support of the German government, the EDC proved unacceptable to the French Parliament. Ironically, the compromise of a loose West European Union, proposed by the British government and including Britain as a member, was the outcome - a result very different from the original French idea.

The build-up of a considerable acquis communautaire of joint policies and agreed decision-making methods took place during de Gaulle's presidency. The key sector for de Gaulle was agriculture, and the complex structures of the CAP and particularly its price support mechanisms, were built up with considerable French governmental input. De Gaulle and his ministers were ruthless in the pursuit of what they saw as the national interest of France, and at times disrupted all progress which was not on their terms.

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