By Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board, Committee on Evaluating Progress of Obesity Prevention Effort
Weight problems poses one of many maximum public wellbeing and fitness demanding situations of the twenty first century, developing severe future health, fiscal, and social results for people and society. regardless of acceleration in efforts to represent, understand, and act in this challenge, together with implementation of preventive interventions, extra realizing is required at the growth and effectiveness of those interventions.
Evaluating weight problems Prevention Efforts develops a concise and actionable plan for measuring the nation's development in weight problems prevention efforts--specifically, the luck of coverage and environmental techniques urged within the 2012 IOM document Accelerating development in weight problems Prevention: fixing the burden of the Nation. This booklet bargains a framework that might supply advice for systematic and regimen making plans, implementation, and assessment of the development of weight problems prevention efforts. This framework is for particular use with the objectives and techniques from the 2012 record and will be used to evaluate the development made in each neighborhood and through the state, with the last word objective of lowering the weight problems epidemic. It deals very likely worthwhile information in bettering the standard and impact of the activities being carried out.
The options of Evaluating weight problems Prevention Efforts concentrate on efforts to extend the possibility that activities taken to avoid weight problems may be evaluated, that their development in accelerating the prevention of weight problems can be monitored, and that the main promising practices should be greatly disseminated.
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Additional info for Evaluating Obesity Prevention Efforts: A Plan for Measuring Progress
For example, the 2004 IOM report Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance grappled with the use of body mass index (BMI) as the most common measure of overweight and obesity and evaluation of outcomes in obesity prevention efforts (IOM, 2004). It also addressed the growing expectation for community engagement in participatory studies, funding issues, and various design issues. In 2007, IOM released Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: How Do We Measure Up? That report concluded “evaluation serves to foster collective learning, accountability, responsibility, and cost-effectiveness to guide improvements in…obesity prevention policies and programs,” and identified surveillance, monitoring, and research as fundamental components of these evaluation efforts (IOM, 2007, p.
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, Accelerating Progress in Obesity Prevention: Solving the Weight of the Nation (APOP) (IOM, 2012a), makes using “natural experiments” as the main source of evaluation all the more compelling. The APOP report, to which this report is sequenced, framed obesity prevention by targeting policies, systems, and environments, rather than emphasizing changes in individual behavior, as many previous recommendations and published evaluations had done. Actions through such policies, systems, and environments are underway across the country in a multitude of forms, and surveillance systems exist to compare their effects over time and between jurisdictions.
The Committee will refer to these objects of evaluation collectively and in their various combinations as interventions. BOX 1-1 A Note on Terminology Assessment is an effort to use data on the community or other jurisdiction to characterize the problem, its distribution, and efforts to address it. Monitoring is the tracking of the implementation of interventions* compared to standards of performance. Surveillance is the ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of data tracked over time to detect patterns, disparities, and changes that may be associated with interventions.