By James Hughes
European conditionality for club is generally understood as having been a motive force for Europeanization, supplying incentives and sanctions for compliance or noncompliance with ecu norms, corresponding to the "Copenhagen standards" and the adoption of the acquis communautaire. through taking local coverage and regionalization as a case examine, this booklet offers a comparative research of the results of conditionality at the valuable and East eu nations and explores the numerous paradoxes and weaknesses within the use of ecu conditionality through the years.
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Additional resources for Europeanization and Regionalization in the EU's Enlargement: The Myth of Conditionality (One Europe Or Several)
22 In the absence of provisions for the regional tier, central government ran the administration at the county level and above. Thus the centralized management of many governance functions persisted, largely through the proliferation of deconcentrated units of state administration, that is, state administrative bodies that were located locally but controlled and funded centrally. An exception to this rule was Hungary, where the HDF passed a 1990 Law on Self-Government which instituted a prefect-like system of Commissioners of the Republic who oversaw local government operations and the activities of local branches of state administration in seven regions and the capital.
20 The communist-era legacy described above directly impinged upon the post-communist transition debates about the reform of sub-national government. The communist legacy involved tiers of local and regional state institutions which had little ﬁnancial or planning responsibility, and performed the function of a systemic transmission belt for ‘top-down’ party directives. Moreover, these tiers of state administration were designed to control participation and act as a check on spontaneous political mobilization ‘from below’.
There is still no coherent explanatory framework for the concept though there is a general emphasis on how domestic adaptation to European norms, structures and policies is facilitating greater systemic convergence and advancing European integration. 52 Similarly, the ‘Europeanizing’ effect of EU conditionality for eastward enlargement to the CEECs has so far been generally assumed rather than empirically investigated. As with the term ‘conditionality’, ‘Europeanization’ implies a consensus on rules and their transmission mechanisms within the EU, with clear-cut benchmarks, and consistency and continuity in rule adoption over time.