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Download Economics of sustainable energy in agriculture by Ekko C. van Ierland and Alfons Oude Lansink PDF

By Ekko C. van Ierland and Alfons Oude Lansink

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Millan 1. INTRODUCTION There are two seemingly separate strings of studies concerning sector energy use: the intensity approach and the demand approach. Both kinds of studies indicate substantial differences in the growth of energy inputs between countries and within countries for different time periods. In this chapter, a suggestion is made about how to link the intensity and the demand approaches, estimating globally well-behaved technology in intensity form (input to output ratio). The empirical part of the chapter is the comparison of the results from the estimation of intensities for the agricultural sectors of the EU countries in the 1974-96 period, according to the demand approach.

There are many diverse approaches to the analysis of energy intensity. An important body of literature is inter-sectoral as in input-output analysis or computable general equilibrium modelling, which are not reviewed here. Concerning partial sector analysis, there are two main, seemingly separate, strings of studies. These are namely the intensity approach and the demand approach. Papers on the intensity approach consist of decomposing energy-output ratios in a variety of effects. An extension of this kind of approach is based on index numbers or growth accounting methodologies, combining simple measurement techniques with a formal theoretical justification of the decompositions.

In this context, an interesting issue arises about the comparative study of the evolution of inputs demand and intensity for the different agricultural sectors of the EU countries using a common methodology. If there are common patterns in the use of energy and energy-based inputs in EU agriculture, then general proposals for agricultural and environmental policies are advisable. C. van Ierland and A. ), Economics of Sustainable Energy in Agriculture, 57–72. © 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.

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