By Alice P. Wright, Edward R. Henry
“This is the 1st quantity in a decade to deal with the forest interval within the Southeast. The study is clean and experiences new info and interpretations gleaned from numerous sources—new excavations, geophysics, gray literature, older collections—and covers a number reports from unmarried websites to precise archaeological complexes to interactions between complexes.”—Lynne P. Sullivan, coeditor of Mississippian Mortuary Practices
“This quantity fills a major hole in Southeast archaeology, the Early and heart forest classes. It comprises the easiest that the present new release of archaeologists has to provide, set within the context of the wider panorama of nearby archaeology.”—Dean R. Snow, writer of Archaeology of local North America
The Early and heart forest classes (1000 BCE–500 CE) in North the US witnessed notable cross-cultural social interactions in addition to novel interactions among humans and the actual international. utilizing case stories from Georgia, Florida, North Carolina, Mississippi, Kentucky, Alabama, and Tennessee, this quantity sheds new mild on those dynamic and intricate social landscapes.
Fourteen in-depth case reports contain empirical information with theoretical innovations reminiscent of ritual, aggregation, and place-making, highlighting the variety and customary subject matters within the relationships among humans, landscapes, and the equipped atmosphere that symbolize this era of North American local existence within the Southeast.
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Additional info for Early and Middle Woodland Landscapes of the Southeast
Gaps in postmold patterns of several enclosed structures suggest that some had entryways. At Martin Justice, two pairs of double posts in the southeast suggest a more formal opening or doorway into the rectangular structure. In conclusion, though the database of Early–Middle Woodland domestic structures in Kentucky is growing, further research on Woodland microsettlement is needed. Postmolds should be excavated routinely. Data recovery in the field should include recording postmold dimensions, spacing, and orientations, as well as the methods of post insertion and nature of backfilling or chinking.
B Date for postmold or feature associated with domestic structure. c Uncalibrated. d Thermoluminescence date. e Date rejected by authors as inconsistent with other archaeological evidence. 2. Domestic structures at Early–Middle Woodland sites in Kentucky Structure Postmolds Site Name No. 85 — 4 8–20 3–23 Vertical Single 1 Unknown Unknown Unknown 5 10–19 6–16 Vertical Single Plum Springs Main Bailey Dimension(m) Area (sq m) No. 2. continued) Structure Postmolds Site Name No. 2 2 Linear 3 3 Curvilinear 4 Stone Cloudsplitter Newt Kash Shelter Cold Oak Shelter Pine Crest Shelter Zachariah Shelter Dimension(m) Area (sq m) No.
Archaeologists documented two intensive Middle Woodland fall–winter occupations at Martin Justice. The earlier occupation encompassed two contemporaneous activity areas that together resemble a houselot. 2), two hearths, a shallow basin, and an unspecified pit. Located 3–8 m south was an associated kitchen area with an earth oven, two hearths, and possibly a shallow basin and a cache of dart points. 5 m south and downslope of the earlier kitchen area. It encompassed thin midden deposits and eight features in a broad arc spanning 5 m: two hearths, an earth oven, a shallow basin, and four unpatterned postmolds that may represent a drying rack.