By Stephen L. Percy
Following at the heels of different Civil Rights activities, incapacity rights legislation emerged within the overdue Sixties and early Nineteen Seventies. usually those legislation have been extra symbolic than targeted by way of goals and techniques for implementation of antidiscrimination guidelines. coverage refinement, the method of translating legislative mandates into concepts and tactics to control administrative motion, is either dynamic and debatable. the idea of the publication is that implementation regulations in those parts developed via protracted political struggles between numerous folks and teams stricken by incapacity rights legislation. Efforts to persuade guidelines prolonged a ways past the method of legislative enactment and led to struggles that have been performed out within the courts and within the government department. integrated inside this exam of federal incapacity rights legislation is the position of symbolic politics, the strengths and weaknesses of up to date versions used for the examine of coverage implementation, and the politics of administrative policymaking.
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Extra info for Disability, Civil Rights, and Public Policy: The Politics of Implementation
One fundamental premise of this book is that insufficient attention has been given to the creation, refinement, and implementation of disability rights policies in the United States. Following on the heels of other civil rights movements, disability rights emerged in the late 1960s and early 1970s. As they developed, these antidiscrimination laws were often more symbolic than precise in terms of objectives and strategies to guide policy implementation. This book analyzes and assesses the process by which disability rights policies have been refined and then utilized to commence policy execution.
Page vii Contents Preface ix Introduction xi 1. Disability, Public Policy, and Implementation 1 2. An Institutional Approach to the Study of Policy Implementation 21 3. Federal Laws to Assist Persons with Disabilities 44 4. From Symbolic Gestures to Implementation Guidelines: The Saga of Section 504 64 5. A Conservative Reaction to Section 504 Regulations: The Politics of Rollback 83 6. Barrier Removal and Facility Access for Disabled Persons 106 7. Access, Mobility, and Public Transportation 129 8.
Operators of public accommodations are required to make modifications to existing policies, procedures, or facilities so as to accommodate individuals with disabilities, so long as such modifications do not result in an undue financial burden or fundamentally alter the nature of the good or service involved. Telecommunications Companies that provide intra- or interstate communication by wire or radio (including telephone companies and long distance Page xiv services) must within three years of the ADA's enactment provide telecommunication relay services usable by persons with hearing impairment.