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Download Dijksterhuis: Archimedes by E.J. Dijksterhuis PDF

By E.J. Dijksterhuis

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Extra info for Dijksterhuis: Archimedes

Sample text

This is 'attention'. And when the rose is taken away, an impression remains, stronger or weaker according as the attention was more or less lively or vivid. Here we have the dawn of memory. Attention to past sensation is memory, which is nothing but a mode of feeling. Then let us suppose that the man, after having repeatedly smelt the scents of roses and pinks, smells a rose. His passive attention is divided between the memories of the smells of roses and pinks. Then we have comparison, which consists in attending to two ideas at the same time.

Hearing, taste and sight are then considered. But Condillac maintained that though the combination of smell, hearing, taste and sight multiplies the objects of a man's attention, desires and pleasures, it does not produce a judgment of externality. The statue will 'still see only i t s e l f . . It has no suspicion that it owes its modifications to outside c a u s e s . . ' 8 In other words, it is the sense of touch which is ultimately responsible for the judgment of externality. In his account of this matter Condillac's ideas varied somewhat.

Similarly, it is only by combination with touch that the eye learns how to see distance, size and movement. We have become so accustomed to judging size, shape, distance and situation by sight that we are naturally Treatise on Sensations, i, vi, 3. , 11, v, 4. , 1, vii, i. , 11, v, 5. , 1, xii, 1-2. THE FRENCH ENLIGHTENMENT (i) 44 inclined to think that these judgments are due simply to sight. But this is not the case. It is perhaps worth while drawing attention in passing to a change of view on Condillac's part between the publication of his Essay on the Origin of Human Knowledge and his Treatise on Sensations.

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