By S. William A. Gunn
The 2d version of the Dictionary of catastrophe drugs and Humanitarian reduction is a necessary and sensible reference for all those that paintings in humanitarian aid. This new, multiplied version provides greater than 3000 definitions and acronyms protecting the total multidisciplinary scope of catastrophe medication and humanitarian aid, in addition to new fields comparable to weather swap and bioterrorism. As normal mess ups, humanitarian emergencies, and infectious illness epidemics bring up in frequency and seriousness, this ebook is a crucial connection with help foreign reduction staff converse with one another and with the media. the writer has served as either the director of Emergency Humanitarian Operations of the realm health and wellbeing association, in addition to the WHO’s leader of clinical terminology. because the Director-General Emeritus of the area well-being association says within the Foreword, “This new multiplied variation comes as a well timed crucial reduction opposed to the growing to be threats of inhuman violence and harmful disasters.”
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Extra resources for Dictionary of Disaster Medicine and Humanitarian Relief
Cf. chemical weapons, toxic chemicals, chemical warfare Chemoprophylaxis The administration of chemotherapeutic medicaments to a susceptible or contaminated person or germ carrier for the purpose of preventing the development of a clinical infection in him. Chernobyl A town in Ukraine, site of a nuclear reactor that, during mechanical inspection, exploded and burned on 26 April 1986, causing radioactive contamination locally and in distant countries, with deaths, birth anomalies and agricultural and environmental damage extending far afield and over many years, still continuing.
Cf. obesity Body surface area/BSA Assessment of the burnt surface area of the body in a thermal injury. BSA is usually expressed in sections of 9% (the rule of 9) of the body area burnt. Less frequently, it is also expressed mathematically: ( ) BSA m 2 = Ht (cm )´ Wt (kg ) 3600 Cf. g. when a person opens a door, starts up a car or picks up a parcel. Cf. terrorism, landmines Botulism Cf. food poisoning Bovine spongiform encephalopathy/ BSE Cf. mad cow disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease Bradford disaster scale To facilitate comparison of one disaster with another, the BDS defines magnitudes by taking the logarithm (base 100) of the number of fatalities.
Amnesty An expression of goodwill, offering general pardon, reconciliation on humane grounds, while remaining uncompromising on breaches of human rights. Cf. Amnesty International Amnesty International/AI An entirely independent and active international humanitarian movement that struggles for the liberation of prisoners of conscience, exposes breaches of human rights such as torture, disappearances, hostage taking, impunity and renders the world conscious of such persecutions. Respected and valuable actions that earned AI the Nobel Peace Prize in 1977.