By K. Rajasekaran, T. J. Jacks, J. W. Finley
Genetically engineered vegetation supply the opportunity of generating better crop yields, vegetation that make much less of an effect at the environment, and plants that supply meals of upper caliber and dietary worth. This ebook examines using biotechnology in crop crops. It covers either enter and output qualities in crop vegetation, functions geared toward pharmaceutical and scientific functions, and rising applied sciences in genomics.
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Insect pests which have developed resistance to one or more Cry proteins in the laboratory include Plodia interpunctella, Plutella xylostella, Heliothis virescens, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, Ostrinia nubilalis, Spodoptera exigua, S. littoralis, and Trichoplusia ni. Field populations of P. xylostella resistant to topical applications of Bt have occurred in several locations around the world. Most resistant strains exhibit some degree of cross-resistance to structurally related Cry toxins. Resistance in most of these strains involves reduced binding to the receptor(s) and is functionally recessive, so heterozygotes are nearly as sensitive as susceptible homozygotes.
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Res. , National Cotton Council: Memphis, T N , 1998, pp 1025-1030. Hardee, D . ; Adams, L . C ; Solomon, W . L . ; Sumerford, D . V. J. Agric. Urb. Entomol. 2002b, in press. Andow, D . A . ;Hellmich, R. L . ; Alstad, D . ; Hutchison, W . D. J. Econ. Entomol 2000, 93, 26-30. Gahan, L . ; Gould, R ; Heckel, D . G. Science, 2001, 293, 857-860. ; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2002. Chapter 5 Transgenic Technology for Insect Resistance: Current Achievements and Future Prospects 1 1 2 D.