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Download Criminal Justice and Crime in Late Renaissance Florence, by John K. Brackett PDF

By John K. Brackett

This ebook makes use of as an index of princely strength an intensive exam of the key components of the Florentine method of felony justice--court of the Otto Di Guardia e Balia (Eight on Public Safety), police, prisons, family with lesser courts within the dominion--which finds the level in their effectiveness within the capital urban and the topic territory. The author's research unearths the determinative position performed through the monetary limits put on the procedure. those limits are extra very important to realizing the nature of the procedure than is any ideology of repression or absolutism. in truth, the procedure of felony justice was once one in all negotiation, within which a variety of avid gamers, all with a few strength, deployed concepts that helped them to gain their pursuits. therefore, the process was once versatile and comparatively average. via this index, the phrases "absolutist" and "absolutism" should not necessary in figuring out the kind of strength exercised via the Medici Grand Dukes.

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The markets were ideal targets for thieves and pickpockets, as were the larger churches, which attracted well-attired crowds on religious holidays and when popular preachers came to town. In the markets and piazzas, 2 3 4 Archivio di Stato di Firenze (hereafter ASF), Tratte, "Registro degPUfficii," 96 (1555-1556). , 97(1556-1563). , 96 (1555-1563). Four of the five persons listed as applicants said that they could read and write and were judged to have been sufficiente. One might also become a member of the famiglia by transferring from the police of the Bargello, as Batista di Antonio da Casi tried to do in 1567.

This chapter examines the structure of the police force and its methods of operation. The court also executed administrative functions, some of which buttressed the operation of other tribunals. Others served to authorize the pursuit of certain activities that were otherwise prohibited. The coercive powers of the state were also manifested through the incarceration of suspected and actual offenders and, occasionally, of witnesses. Each police activity was distinct, but they were all linked together by the Otto's general responsibility to maintain at least the appearance of ethical, moral, and civil standards of order.

Perhaps a similar situation existed in Florence. Multiple office holding and the sale to substitutes of the right of exercise of some offices were other ways of controlling expenditures (in addition to soliciting bribes), since they kept down requests for raises in salary. 36% between 1598 and 1609. "3 Necessary items include those expenses that were essential for the system to operate effectively. Certain functions, and thus certain costs, could not be sig2 3 Archivio di Stato di Firenze (hereafter ASF), Miscellanea Medicea, n.

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