By Iain A. Cameron
The ebook is a learn of the police and legal justice in eighteenth-century France, and of the crimes and problems the professionals needed to comprise. it really is involved in provinces - the Auvergne, within the mountainous centre, and the Guyenne, the hinterland of Bordeaux and is predicated on broad archival study in administrative documents, police studies and the transcripts of trials. half one examines the technique of repression on hand to the govt: the nationwide police strength, the maréchaussée, and the police courtroom of precis justice, the prévôté. It appears to be like on the recruitment and self-discipline of policemen, their tasks, equipment of working and potency; it additionally examines the remedy of beggars and vagabonds, the techniques of felony justice, the proof positioned earlier than the judges and the punishments passed down. half experiences the thefts, attacks, murders, riots and rebellions of the 2 provinces, relatively within the gentle of stylish hypotheses approximately altering styles of felony behaviour.
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Extra resources for Crime and Repression in the Auvergne and the Guyenne, 1720-1790
D. P. de D. ) 17 127,393 livres 14,9 1 5 7,237 1 49 ,545 livres 18 The means of repression the army. The fight against 'internal enemies' was to be waged on the cheap. Yet a very much better police service could have been purchased, in generalites like the Auvergne or the Guyenne, if the pays d 'election had not been obliged to subsidise the rest of France. 3 The larger. , though it re ceived in return, in the form of wages, only 62,650L. 4 In 1 7 78, the Auvergne was made to pay 15,000L. 5 No more than a token effort was made to bring the contribution of the privileged provinces more into line with effective expenditure when the financial arrangements were made for the great 1 768/9 augmentation of the force.
It is not surprising that such a combination of activitier. permitted Roberie 'to live well ' ; and what was not spent on gracious living was used to buy a cavalry company for his son. For all these offences Roberie was duly sentenced, in his absence, to nine years in the galleys. � The Roberie trial of the 1730s was clearly an exceptional case - extortion 70. Conclusions du procureur 2 May 1 735 and Sentence de la Connetablie 3 May 1 735, the only remaining evidence, ibid. zlC 334. The means of repression 37 on such a scale and with such organisation would not be found again in either the Auvergne or the Guyenne.
1 732. Ibid. C 6 1 77 . 6 2 . The intendant found i t difficult t o believe that a prisoner (accused o f sedition) had escaped from the custody of the Besse exempt and cavaliers by climbing over a wall 'wearing leg irons' - intendant to Besse subdeligue, ·1 762, ibid. C 1 6 2 1 . 63. Intendant t o brigadier, 1 73 2 , ibid. C 1523. 64. Rochebrune to intendant, 21 Aug. 1 743. ibid. C 1 5 3 1 . 65. Intendant t o Langeac subdeligue, 8 Jan. 1 763, ibid. C 1 545. 34 The means of repression was hardly surprising that an escaped convict with a relative in the Langeac brigade was never caught, or that the three men who had committed a bur glary near Ambert avoided arrest when it was rumoured that the brigadier 's own daughter was implicated in the theft.