By Alison Ravetz
Born of idealism, and as soon as an icon of the Labour flow and pillar of the Welfare kingdom, council housing is now nearing its finish. yet do its many failings outweigh its confident contributions to public health and wellbeing and wellbeing?Alison Ravetz right here offers the 1st entire and apolitical background from which to reach at a balanced judgement. Drawing at the widest attainable facts, from tenant and govt documents to the outfitted atmosphere itself, she tells the tale of British council housing, from its seeds in Victorian reactions to 'the Poor', in philanthropy and version villages, Christian and different different types of socialism. Her depiction of council housing in its mature years indicates the customarily weird and wonderful endurance of 'utopian' attitudes (whether in architectural layout or administration styles); its upward push to a monopoly place in working-class kin housing; the numerous compromises consequent on its kingdom finance and native authority regulate; and the impression on working-class lives as an intellectuals' 'utopian dream' was once switched over right into a social coverage for the hundreds.
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Extra resources for Council Housing and Culture (Planning, History, and the Environment Series)
29 Housing for the Poor 33 In Scotland the case was different, for here as in most parts of Europe tenements were the indigenous tradition (and one that began to be revived towards the end of the twentieth century). All classes had lived in the cliff-like tenements of medieval Edinburgh, until the creation of the new Georgian town enabled the higher classes to decant themselves. 30 In Glasgow there was a surge of tenement building for all classes in the later 1800s and, with the street level shops that they frequently had, they made up a major part of the city’s fabric.
23. Royal Commission (1884–85), para 9170ff; Hill, Octavia, p. 186. 24. Denford, p. 32. 25. Tarn (1973), p. 100. 26. Webb, p. 134. 27. Darley. 28. Booth, Charles (1902), III, pp. 31–32. 29. White, Jerry. 30. Horsey, p. 21 31. Joyce. 32. Durman & Harrison, p. 3. 33. Joyce, p. 149. 34. Creese, p. 103. Chapter Four The Utopian Roots of Council Housing ‘The choice is no longer between Utopia and the pleasant ordered world that our fathers knew. The choice is between Utopia and Hell’ (William Beveridge).
Brockway. Mowat, p. 124 (with reference to the Royal Commission on the Aged Poor, 1895). 16. Simey. 1, 1885 Slums and their Elimination Like other problems of poverty, the housing of its poor arose haphazardly and without foresight in industrial society. 1 The period of explosive growth in cities with heavy industries was from the 1800s to the 1830s. 2 It was, therefore, an uphill struggle for reformers although they produced investigations and reports in abundance, including the five reports of Edwin Chadwick, Secretary to the Poor Law Commission, in the 1840s.