By J. Subritzky
Confronting Sukarno examines the neighborhood and overseas implications of the Malaysian-Indonesian disagreement, a obstacle extra popularly referred to as Konfrontasi. via doing so, primary topics in regards to the Asian chilly struggle are mentioned. particularly, the fear of western coverage makers with an more and more belligerent communist China, the significance of Konfrontasi to the warfare in Vietnam and the British 'role' east of Suez, are all tested intimately. Being a piece of overseas historical past, the publication attracts broadly from lately de-classified records within the usa, Britain, Australia and New Zealand.
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Extra resources for Confronting Sukarno: British, American, Australian and New Zealand Diplomacy in the Malaysian-Indonesian Confrontation, 1961-65
The Kennedy administration was determined to meet this challenge, particularly in Southeast Asia. Friendly regimes already fighting communist subversive movements, as in Laos and South Vietnam, were bolstered further, while a conscious attempt was made to cultivate the neutrals, especially Indonesia. Similarly, in London, policy makers were highly conscious of the threat that nationalism posed to Britain, the last remaining colonial power of any substance in the region. Consequently, in the light of these developments, the Macmillan government concluded that it had little option but quickly to dismantle the remains of Britain's far eastern empire.
During the 1960s, however, partly as a legacy of the old British imperial system, the PMD was responsible for Australia's relations with Britain. This division of labour created the potential for conflict between the PMD and ADEA, as the former always tended to emphasize the importance of the British relationship far more than the latter. Finally, the department of defence also had considerable input into policy making. In 1961 the minister of defence was a close personal friend 14 Introduction of Menzies, Athol Townley.
Policy makers in Washington believed this could happen if Britain, in particular, overreacted to Sukarno's provocations. President Kennedy and his advisers 10 Introduction essentially disagreed with British tactics for resolving Confrontation. Whereas the Macmillan government believed that strong military deterrence was needed to check Indonesian adventurism, the administration argued that such measures held unacceptable risks of open conflict, which they feared would culminate in driving Jakarta into the communist bloc.