By Arieh J. Kochavi
How used to be it attainable that the majority of the approximately 300,000 British and American troops who fell into German fingers in the course of international battle II survived captivity in German POW camps and back domestic virtually once the warfare ended? In Confronting Captivity, Arieh J. Kochavi deals a behind-the-scenes examine the residing stipulations in Nazi camps and strains the activities the British and American governments took--and did not take--to make sure the safeguard in their captured squaddies. challenge in London and Washington concerning the safeguard of those POWs used to be mitigated through the popularity that the Nazi management tended to stick to the Geneva conference while it got here to British and U.S. prisoners. Following the invasion of Normandy, although, Allied apprehension over the security of POWs became nervousness for his or her very lives. but Britain and the U.S. took the calculated chance of hoping on a speedy end to the conflict because the Soviets approached Germany from the east. eventually, Kochavi argues, it was once much more likely that the lives of British and American POWs have been spared due to their race instead of any activities their governments took on their behalf.
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Extra resources for Confronting Captivity: Britain and the United States and Their POWs in Nazi Germany
Prime Minister William L. ∞≤ Meanwhile, the Canadians agreed to manacle 1,100 German pows but urged London to pursue every opportunity for a settlement before seeking to 42 fa c i n g t h e ch a l l e n ge match the number of prisoners placed in chains by the Germans. ’’∞≥ Canada was not alone among the Dominions in expressing strong reservations at the reprisal policy decided on by London. ’’ As he wrote to Clement R. Attlee, Labour Party leader and, as of February 1942, secretary of state for the Dominions, ‘‘For us to invite, at German dictation, a neutral state to examine the conduct of our troops in the ﬁeld would be to accept humiliation which I am certain could arouse the deepest anger in Britain and also in Russia.
Law did admit, however, that up to 26 December 1940, British pows in Stalag ix b (Hessen-Nassau), where there were two hospitals, had failed to receive any parcels at all except for half a pound of chocolate per man from the Red Cross. Law further noted that German pows in the United Kingdom were receiving rations on the same scale as those given to British troops, with certain variations introduced at the prisoners’ request to suit their national taste, but that the German government was not fulﬁlling its responsibility.
Billeted in heated barracks, well-lighted. Simple beds, two blankets, daily hot water. Canteen sells beer, cucumbers, toilet accessories, satisfactory food. Clothing satisfactory. Correspondence unsatisfactory. All wanting English tobacco. π∑ As we shall see, the newsletter appears to have played down the difﬁculties and suffering of pows who were employed in the mines. The newsletter added that most of the approximately 3,000 British pows attached to Stalag viii b were dispersed in parties working many miles from one another, and this helped explain why some prisoners were worse off than others when it came to receiving Red Cross food parcels.