By Harold E. Doweiko
Doweiko's complete textual content displays the present explosion of data concerning the realizing, id, and remedy of addictive issues. as well as his thorough exam of the use and abuse of alcohol, tobacco, barbiturates, amphetamines, cocaine, opiates, and hallucinogens, and his stable recommendations for operating with consumers, Doweiko discusses issues usually disregarded of different books--such as aerosols, steroids, and over the counter analgesics. also, the textual content investigates such salient themes because the changes among abusers and addicts; drug results on teenagers, kids, and pregnant and nursing ladies; and youngsters of alcoholics--ensuring that scholars achieve a professional's realizing of 1 of the main urgent problems with our time.
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Extra resources for Concepts of Chemical Dependency , Sixth Edition
Second, Jellinek’s (1960) model of alcoholism as a physical disease made it worthy of study, and the person with this disorder was worthy of “unprejudiced access” (Vaillant, 1990, p. 5) to medical treatment. Finally, the Jellinek model attributed the individual’s use of alcohol not to a failure of personal willpower, but to the drinker’s suffering from a medical disorder (Brown, 1995). Since the time that the Jellinek (1960) model was introduced, researchers have struggled to determine whether it is valid.
2. Loss of control: the person will use more of the chemical than he or she intended, is unable to cut back on the amount used, or is unable to stop using it. 3. Consequences: the individual will use the drug regardless of the results of this use. Such consequences might include impairment of social, vocational, or physical well-being as well as possible legal or ﬁnancial problems. Although these criteria provide some degree of consistency between diagnoses, ultimately, the diagnosis of chemical dependency is one person’s opinion about another person’s chemical use.
In his 1960 book, Jellinek went further by attempting to classify different patterns of addictive drinking. Like Dr. William Carpenter in 1850, Jellinek came to view alcoholism as a disease that might be expressed in a number of different forms, or styles, of drinking (Lender, 1981). Unlike Dr. Carpenter, who thought there were three types of alcoholics, Jellinek identiﬁed ﬁve subforms of alcoholism. Jellinek used the ﬁrst ﬁve letters of the Greek alphabet to identify the most common forms of alcoholism found in the United States.