By D. Michael Stoddart (auth.), Dietland Müller-Schwarze, Robert M. Silverstein (eds.)
Research on chemical communique in animals is in a really energetic and intriguing part; extra species are studied, info are collecting, recommendations are altering, and useful program turns out possible. whereas many of the paintings on chemical ecology and chemical sig nals bargains with bugs, vertebrate conversation offers an impressive problem and growth has been sluggish. Joint efforts and widespread direct contacts of ecologists, behaviorists, psychologists, physiologists, histologists and chemists are required. Such an interdisciplinary alternate of data happened at the party of the Symposium on Chemical signs in Vertebrates and Aquatic Animals in Syracuse, long island, from might 31 to June 2, 1979. multiple hundred investigators from seven nations participated, and the papers offered contain this quantity. because the first Symposium on Vertebrate Chemical indications at Saratoga Springs in 1976, huge development has been made with box experiences, the body structure of the vomeronasal organ, and its function in reproductive habit. The behavioral services and chemi cal nature of priming pheromones are larger understood. Efforts to isolate and determine mammalian pheromones are gaining floor, and the bioassays have gotten extra refined. as well as formal shows, one night of the Symposi um used to be dedicated to round-table discussions of specific issues. the chosen subject matters point out the "growing issues" of chemical communi cation examine: priming pheromones, vomeronasal organ, bioassay, and functional applications.
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Extra resources for Chemical Signals: Vertebrates and Aquatic Invertebrates
L. H. Conaway. 1967. Origin and hormonal control of scent produced in Suncus murinus. J. Mammal. 48, 420-428. Frisch, K. Von. 1941. Uber einen Schreckstoff der Fischhaut and seine bio1ogische Bedeutung. Z. Verg1. Physio1. 29, 46-145. H8lldob1er, B. 1971. Recruitment behavior in Camponotus socius (Hym. Formicidae). Z. Verg1. Physio1. 75, 123-142. R. M. Sheikh. 1975. Anthrop1eurine: a sea anemone alarm pheromone. Science 189, 386-388. Z. W. Newell. 1974. The urinal aversive pheromone of mice: species, strain, and grouping effects.
CA GAS UR 8M AIR Frequencies of leaving the site (LV) per animal minute (am) in response to MT secretion, air and four control odors. As in Figure 3. 47 CHEMICAL SIGNALS IN ALARM BEHAVIOR OF DEER White-tailed deer. Since currently there is no evidence that any particular secretion or excretion provides an alarm signal in white-tailed deer, the alarm behavior of free-ranging white-tailed deer was observed on a ranch in Central Florida. Alarmed white-tailed deer raise and flag their tail (visual signal) and snort (auditory signal), and also sniff one another.
Responses of whitetailed and black-tailed deer (genus Odocoi1eus) to metatarsal gland secretions. Abstr. Anim. Beh. Soc. Meeting Penn. State Univ. University Park, Pennsylvania. MUller-Velten, H. 1966. ). Z. Vergl. Physiol. 52, 401-429. Pfeiffer, W. 1967. Schreckreaktion and Schreckstoffze1len bei Ostariophysi and Gonorhynchiformes. Z. Verg1. Physio1. 56, 380-396. Pfeiffer, W. 1974. Pheromones in fish and amphibia. Pheromones. C. , Amsterdam; North Holland Pub1. , 269-296. CHEMICAL SIGNALS IN ALARM BEHAVIOR OF DEER 51 Pfeiffer, W.