Home Philosophy • Download Characterizing the Robustness of Science: After the Practice by Léna Soler (auth.), Léna Soler, Emiliano Trizio, Thomas PDF

Download Characterizing the Robustness of Science: After the Practice by Léna Soler (auth.), Léna Soler, Emiliano Trizio, Thomas PDF

By Léna Soler (auth.), Léna Soler, Emiliano Trizio, Thomas Nickles, William Wimsatt (eds.)

Mature sciences were lengthy been characterised by way of the “successfulness”, “reliability” or “trustworthiness” in their theoretical, experimental or technical accomplishments. this present day many philosophers of technology speak of “robustness”, usually with out specifying in an exact method the which means of this time period. This loss of readability is the reason for widespread misunderstandings, due to the fact that most of these notions, and that of robustness particularly, are hooked up to primary concerns, which trouble not anything under the very nature of technological know-how and its specificity with recognize to different human practices, the character of rationality and of medical development; and science’s declare to be a truth-conducive task. This e-book bargains for the 1st time a entire research of the matter of robustness, and usually, that of the reliability of technology, in line with a number of distinct case experiences and on philosophical essays encouraged by way of the so-called sensible flip in philosophy of science.

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Modifications in natural situations vs. experimentally created configurations). Of course, the latter dissection of the situation is for the sake of analytical clarification. In the discussion of a given scientific configuration, the different kinds of content-independence of the derivations have to be taken into account all together and balanced in view to an assessment of the robustness of the derived result. 4, the independence of the derivations involved in a robustness scheme comes in degrees.

For example and typically, the fact that one derivation is seen as experimental and another is viewed as purely theoretical. Intuitively, this has an impact on the independence judgments. Intuitively and without taking into account what the derivations ‘say’, an experimental derivation and a purely theoretical derivation owe a part of their independence precisely to the fact that they belong to two different spheres. In this vein we should also examine what happens in hybrid cases such as the derivations involving simulations.

Nederbragt nevertheless mentions the possibility of “the validation of one method by the other”, which is a particular case of historical dependency of derivations. ” Let us further examine content independence. 1 Content (or Logico-semantic) Independence I use the word ‘content’ in a very large sense: assumptions, principles, concepts, forms of argument, mathematical formula, techniques at work in each derivation. . g. ). On the logico-semantic side, we have to compare the derivations with regard to symbolic resources (vocabularies, concepts, mathematical tools.

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