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Download ''By My Absolute Royal Authority'': Justice and the by J. B. Owens PDF

By J. B. Owens

By way of My Absolute Royal Authority: Justice and the Castilian Commonwealth in the beginning of the 1st worldwide Age is a research of judicial management. From the 15th century to the 17th, the dominion of Castile skilled a notable proliferation of judicial associations, which historians have normally obvious as a part of a metanarrative of state-building. but, Castile's frontiers have been tremendous porous, and a crown govt that may now not keep an eye on the kingdom's borders exhibited neither the facility to procure details and form affairs, nor the centrality of courtroom politics that many historians declare to be able to craft a tidy narrative of this era. Castilians retained their loyalty to the monarchy no longer due to the strength of the associations of a constructing kingdom, yet simply because they shared an id as electorate of a commonwealth within which a excessive worth was once given to justice as an final goal of the political group and a conviction that the sovereign possessed absolute royal authority to work out that justice used to be performed. This expectation served as a beginning for the political id and loyalty that held jointly for a number of centuries the disparate and globally-dispersed domain names of the Hispanic Monarchy, yet perceptions of ways good crown judicial associations labored have been a basic determinant of the measure of aid a monarch may allure to satisfy financial and army ambitions. This ebook maps a part of this unexpected terrain via a microhistory of a longer, excessive profile lawsuit that used to be rigorously watched via generations of Castilian leaders. Justices from the overdue 15th century to the reign of Philip II had hassle resolving the clash as the right workout of absolute royal authority used to be itself the important criminal factor and the dispute pitted opposed to one another contributors of significant teams who established an inclination to offer prominence to diverse interpretive schemes as they attempted to appreciate their international. The account brings jointly political rules and political motion by means of giving severe consciousness to how good royal justices have been capable of deal with tricky, popular court cases that raised politically troubling questions and concerned significant litigants.

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17 The king never provided Toledo with the promised judicial review. Instead, he summarily confirmed Gutierre de Sotomayor’s grant the following year (30 May 1447), just three months after the Cortes had demanded the devolution of Puebla de Alcocer to Toledo. Instead of a paper document like the 1445 grant, the confirmation was a parchment on which many of the kingdom’s great men were listed as present. qxd 07/06/05 7:48 PM Page 23 John II’s Controversial Reward 23 original grant, the king added a huge fine for anyone who opposed the provision and licensed Gutierre to crush any resistance.

1 As the first reign during which the phrase “my absolute royal authority” was employed regularly in Crown documents, the conflict-ridden era of king John II of Castile (1406–1454) revealed the strange paradox, to which Barrientos alluded, of the kingdom’s monarchs who exercised this theoretically absolute authority. qxd 07/06/05 18 7:48 PM Page 18 “By My Absolute Royal Authority” enhanced the monarch’s ability to govern. However, arbitrary action by the king according to his own will rather than the dictates of the law did not provide greater capacity for political leadership but rather reduced the support for the Crown on which effective royal government was based.

The master of Alcántara had on his own authority taken Puebla de Alcocer, and this town was the property of Toledo, which had been purchased with its own money and had traditionally followed its orders. All three estates had contributed money for its purchase. Toledo maintained its own forts, bridges, and towers with the rents from Puebla, and without this revenue, the city would be unable to do what was necessary for the king’s service or uphold its own honor. 16 Because the king did not intend to grant the promised judicial review, he and some of his advisers became concerned about the reaction of Toledo’s leaders and a week later granted Gutierre de Sotomayor permission to build a castle on the hill above Puebla de Alcocer.

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