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Download Britain’s Retreat from East of Suez: The Choice between by Saki Dockrill PDF

By Saki Dockrill

This publication, in line with lately declassified records in Britain and the us, is the 1st precise account of Britain's East of Suez determination, which was once taken through the Harold Wilson executive in 1967-68. opposite to got opinion, the writer argues that the choice used to be now not taken swiftly as a result of November 1967 devaluation. neither is there any difficult proof to aid the concept that there existed a 'Pound-Defence' care for the united states. regardless of Washington's strain to keep up Britain's East of Suez function, the choice used to be taken via the Labour executive at the foundation of a long term attempt to think again Britain's international function because 1959, and it marked the top of an period for postwar Britain.

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Britain’s Retreat from East of Suez: The Choice between Europe and the World?

This publication, in accordance with lately declassified files in Britain and the united states, is the 1st designated account of Britain's East of Suez choice, which used to be taken through the Harold Wilson executive in 1967-68. opposite to got opinion, the writer argues that the choice was once no longer taken rapidly as a result of November 1967 devaluation.

Extra info for Britain’s Retreat from East of Suez: The Choice between Europe and the World?

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It brought the division in the Labour Government between Hugh Gaitskell’s right-wing and Aneurin Bevan’s left-wing factions into the open. The unity of the Labour Party was threatened by the resignations of Bevan (the Minister of Labour), Harold Wilson (the President of the Board of Trade) and John Freeman (the Under-Secretary at the Ministry of Supply). 19 In economic terms, rearmament harmed the export trade and the nation’s overseas investments, making it impossible for Britain to sustain its post-war economic recovery.

Anxious to demonstrate to the United States that Britain was a reliable ally, and also given the growing concern about the precarious defence position of the West, especially after the Chinese intervention in the Korean War in the late autumn of 1950, the Attlee Government embarked on an expensive rearmament programme. In August, the Cabinet endorsed a large defence budget of £3,400 million to cover the period down to 1954 and this rose to £4,700 million by January 1951. 18 In an effort to meet US pressure to rearm NATO, Britain also decided in August to extend conscription from 18 months to two years, while in September and November it was agreed that British 14 Britain’s Retreat from East of Suez forces in Germany (the British Army of the Rhine, BAOR) should be increased by two divisions; this was double the pre-Korean level.

16 Britain’s global commitments In his famous speech in Cape Town in February 1960, Macmillan stated that the growing nationalism and demands for independence in many African colonies had become a ‘political fact’. France’s offer of independence to Algeria in 1958 was followed by Belgium’s sudden decision to withdraw from the Belgian Congo in June 1960. Britain, out of political necessity, and to avoid being left behind by these developments, granted (or promised to grant) independence to several of its several African colonies, including Zanzibar, Uganda and Tanganyika by 1964.

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