By Paul Helm
How can we shape and adjust our ideals in regards to the global? whereas accepting that what we think is dependent upon proof, and for that reason isn't at once lower than our keep an eye on, Professor Helm argues that no concept of information is entire with out criteria for accepting and rejecting proof as belief-worthy. those criteria, or belief-policies, aren't themselves decided by way of facts, yet make certain what counts as credible proof. not like unmarried ideals, Helm argues, belief-policies are without delay topic to the desire, and for this reason to weak spot of will and self-deception. Helm finds the significance of the belief of belief-policies in different components of philosophy, specifically the philosophy of faith.
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Additional info for Belief Policies
That it is possible for choice to affect what is believed in the same way as choice may affect what is done. Though the manner in which choice affects belief may be different from the way in which it affects action. BELIEF AND APPRAISAL If the idea that all bees die in the winter is incredible, this means not that such an idea cannot be believed, but that it ought not to be. It 16 Belief, knowledge, and norm cannot mean the first, because some people do believe it. They believe it, but they ought not to.
II. ) Locke goes on to say that in demonstrative proofs the evidence is not so clear and bright 'nor the assent so ready, as in intuitive knowledge'. In the case of the knowledge of the external world, which Locke says comes only through sensation, though it is not so certain as intuitive knowledge, it nevertheless deserves to be called knowledge. Among the several reasons that Locke gives for this is the following: Sometimes I find that I cannot avoid the having those ideas produced in my mind.
For though, when my eyes are shut, or windows fast, I can at pleasure recall to my mind the ideas of light, or the sun, which former sensations had lodged in my memory: so I can at pleasure lay by that idea, and take into my view that of the smell of a rose, or taste of sugar. But, if I turn my eyes at noon towards the sun, I cannot avoid the ideas which the light or sun then produces in me. So that there is a manifest difference between the ideas laid up in my memory (over which, if they were there only, I should have constantly the same power to dispose of them and lay them by at pleasure) and those which force themselves upon me and I cannot avoid having.