By Ali Riaz
Bangladesh is a rustic of paradoxes. The 8th such a lot populous kingdom of the area, it has attracted significant awareness from the foreign media and western policy-makers in recent times, usually for the inaccurate purposes: corruption, ordinary mess ups brought on by its precarious geographical position, and unstable political events with numerous army coups, following its independence from Pakistan in 1971. Institutional corruption, becoming spiritual intolerance and Islamist militancy have mirrored the weak spot of the country and undermined its potential. but the rustic has validated major financial capability and has accomplished successes in components corresponding to lady schooling, inhabitants keep an eye on and rate reductions in baby mortality. Ali Riaz right here examines the political techniques which engendered those paradoxical trends, making an allowance for the issues of democratization and the results this has had, and should proceed to have, within the wider South Asian area. This accomplished and distinctive evaluate of political and old advancements in Bangladesh in view that 1971 will offer crucial studying for observers of Bangladesh and South Asia.
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Extra info for Bangladesh: A Political History since Independence
Covering-gall or complex leaf fold-gall and covering gall 16 Pouch-gall or fold-gall 13 13. Leaffold-gall 15 Pouch-gall 14 14. Epiphyllous, globose outpocketing on Cadaba indica Lamarck GALL No. 4 15. Solid, compressed, legume-pod shaped, deep pink-red, succulent swellings on Capparis sepiaria Linn. GALL No. 169 Egg-shaped, solid, spongy swelling on Merua arenaria Hook. & Bl. GALL No. 173 16. Solid, fleshy, crenulated swelling of the three leaflets, mostly basally, but also completely and similar to the bud-gall on Crataeva religiosa Forst.
With chloranthy and phyllomany GALL No. 4 Eriophyes sp. (Acarina) Leaf-gall. Epiphyllous, irregularly globose pouch-gall, glabrous or with fleshy verrucose surface; green, thicker than the normal leaf blade; large gall cavity, clothed with fine white erineum; irregularly large, hypophyllom ostiole. Size 10 mm in diameter. Distribution: Coromandel Coast MANI, 59 : 97, Fig. 10; 67: 98. ) Pax GALL No. 149 Unknown Lepidoptera Stem-gall. Globose, brownish, hard, woody, solid, mostly localized but sometimes extensive, diffuse swellings of tender branches, with tortuous axial larval tunnel; pupation in gall.
GALL No. Shortly but conspicuously stalked pouch-galls, abruptly enlarged above, on Grewia microcos Linn. GALL No. 182 463 7 8 330 9 355 9 413 Grewia microcos Linn. GALL No. 9 Eriophyes sp. (Acarina) Leaf-gall. Epiphyllous, multilocular, pimple-like pouch-gall, rarely with one large gall cavity. Gall surface corniculate, hirsute, often reddish or reddish-brown when old. Several galls scattered irregularly on a single leaf. Ostiole closed by whitish erineal hairs. Gall cavity with irregular, fleshy emergences and densely filled by simple, short, straight, downwardly directed erineal hairs.