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Download Autism: A Social and Medical History by M. Waltz PDF

By M. Waltz

Autism: A Social and clinical heritage contextualizes autism as a socio cultural phenomenon, and examines the customarily troubling results of representations and social tendencies. Exploring the participants and occasions within the historical past of this situation, Waltz blends study and private views to ascertain social narratives of normalcy, incapacity and difference.

Autism has frequently been noticeable as break away other kinds of impairment and damaging attitudes in the direction of individuals with autism and, some time past, their mom and dad, were wide-spread. This publication explores key examine within the box in addition to perception from mom and dad and other people with autism, the latter of whom have frequently had no voice in what's written concerning the historical past of autism.

This ebook will attract researchers and scholars within the fields of scientific sociology, incapacity reviews, and scientific background in addition to expanding public debates on autism.

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Extra resources for Autism: A Social and Medical History

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The Pullens were just two amongst many children Dr Down saw in the course of his work at Earlswood, and later at his own private 30 Autism institution, Normansfield, who combined significant learning difficulties with normal or superior abilities in an area of memory, technical skill, or art. These were not necessarily extraordinary savant skills like those of the Pullens. Others simply had special interests in things that superseded the typical child’s interest in people, and their intense concentration on these interests could result in meticulous and even wildly original work.

During Hugh Blair’s lifetime the scientific method began to be brought to bear on the subject of disability. Rejecting the idea that impairment or illness was caused by fairies, devils, or sin, researchers tried to classify forms of disability and sought scientific explanations. Unfortunately, much of the time they only knew enough to be dangerous, and many still believed, deep down, that people with disabilities (or their parents) were to blame for their own problems. Jean-Marc Gaspard Itard (1775–1838) was one of the Enlightenment thinkers who did much to consider the characteristics associated with autism scientifically.

19). The narrative of degeneracy also attached additional stigma to the families of people with developmental disabilities. However, not all individuals working with affected children agreed that locking them away for life was the best solution. In the early years of the twentieth century, several individuals developed techniques for educating children seen as having special educational needs or psychological difficulties. Among these were Maria Montessori, Vera Schmidt, and Lev Vygotsky. Montessori’s work, for example, began when she was appointed head of the Orthophrenic School at the University of Rome, working with children labelled as feeble-minded or mentally ill.

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