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Download Age, Class, Politics, and the Welfare State (American by Fred C. Pampel, John B. Williamson PDF

By Fred C. Pampel, John B. Williamson

This research of the expansion of welfare spending examines the relative impression of sophistication and standing teams as opposed to demographic composition and political constructions. detailed realization is given to the position of the elderly as consultant of the significance of ascription and middle-class teams in welfare development, and to the impact of welfare spending on source of revenue inequality. mixture cross-national info from the UN, ILO, and the area financial institution are analyzed and the belief is drawn that an enormous elderly inhabitants, particularly together with democratic political techniques, is an immediate and the most important impression at the point of welfare spending.

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Extra info for Age, Class, Politics, and the Welfare State (American Sociological Association Rose Monographs)

Example text

Skocpol (1980) argues that neo-Marxist theories really do not take the state seriously, since they do not recognize the potential of the state, independent of class structure, to realign economic institutions and productive relations. Similarly, Stephens (1979) and Korpi (1983) criticize the theory for ignoring how public policies respond to democratic elections and philosophical differences between parties. The theory's excessive economic determinism fails to account for the different policies of nations like Sweden and the United States, which vary in the electoral power given to social democratic or labor parties.

Stephens (1979) and Myles (1984) use a measure of monopolization (in part estimated from gross domestic product) but find that it has no effect on social welfare or pension spending. Hicks and Swank (1984) use a measure of assets of the world's largest industrial corporations in a nation divided by GNP and find positive effects on cash transfer payments. Although their measure is promising, its influence needs to be replicated before it offers firm support for the theory. Thus, systematic empirical evaluation of the theory remains to be done.

O'Connor (1973), for instance, claims that the capitalist class tends to become more organized along interest group lines overtime. Associations of manufacturers, distributors, retailers, business clubs, and industry groups demand special executive and legislative policies in their favor. With such disparate demands, contradictory policies may emerge, planning becomes difficult, and capital accumulation suffers. Diverse businesses in the monopoly and competitive sectors, manufacturing and service industries, or productive and information technologies - find it difficult to present a unified front.

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